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Thursday, 03 JAN 2002

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NSW bushfires continue
Tropical Cyclone Bernie gains strength in the Gulf
Record heat in the Coral Sea
06Jan02
Record cool in SA
See special report on the NSW bushfires.

Thunderstorms and exceptionally heavy rain have been presaging the arrival of TC Bernie on the southern shore of the Gulf of Carpentaria Qld today. The tropical low, which developed in the monsoon trough lying across the northern Gulf on New Years Eve, has been moving slowly south and gained cyclone strength today. A rainband on the southern side of the cyclone remained close to stationary over Mornington Island, dumping 283mm in the 24 hours to 9 this evening. The Island's all-time record 24 hour fall in 70 years of observation has been 377.2, but official 24 hour records are measured from 9am to 9am, and the 24 hour total to 9am on 4 January was "only" 335mm. 154mm fell in the 3 hours to 3pm today.  Karumba, in the southeastern corner of the Gulf, experienced a lengthy and violent electrical storm during the night with over 60mm falling, the most rain the area has had in the past 6 months. Group leader of the Karumba State Emergency Service, Narda Emery, described the storm as "horrifying". 

Willis Island Met Office, in the Coral Sea 450km NE of Townsville, had its hottest day on record today. The reported maximum was 35.1. The previous all-time high was 34.8 in 63 years of weather observation on the island. Because of its tropical location well away from the continent, Willis Island experiences very small departures from normal, with the record maximum in every month only 4 to 5 degrees above the average for that month. The mean maximum in January is 30.7. An area of warm air in the northerlies being dragged down the eastern side of TC Bernie would seem to be the culprit -- in fact an unusually large number of locations had 28 or 29 degree minima this morning in the abnormal windflow (see high minimum box below). High temperatures continued, with the Island equalling its old record with a maximum of 34.8 on Friday 4 January.

Meanwhile, Yongala, a notorious winter cold hole in South Australia's mid north, recorded its lowest January minimum yesterday with 2.6 beating the previous 2.7 in 44 years of computerised records.

National weather extremes for today
Data provided by the Bureau of Meteorology
Last updated at 17:08 EDST on 04/01/02

Quality control note: Data is final. It includes late-received rainfall data and has been subject to BoM and AWN quality control checks. See Explanation of Extremes Pages for more information
Records set this day (previous record and years of computerised record shown in brackets):
Lowest daily minimum temperature for January:
Yongala SA: 2.6 (2.7, 44)
Highest daily maximum temperature for any month:

Willis Island MO Qld: 35.1 (34.8, 63)

Todays highest rainfall totals for the 24 hours to 9am. It includes the top 5 totals received, and/or all reported falls of 50mm or more.

123.8 MATARANKA STATION Roper-McArthur NT
97.0 LARRIMAH Roper-McArthur NT
94.0 REDBANK MINE Roper-McArthur NT
88.0 BLACKBULL SIDING Gulf Country QLD
84.0 MORNINGTON ISLAND Gulf Country QLD

WESTERN AUSTRALIA
    E Kimberley
52.6 KACHANA
    W Kimberley
58.0 FITZROY CROSSING AERO

NORTHERN TERRITORY
    Arnhem
56.0 GROOTE EYLANDT AIRPORT AWS
50.0 RAMINGINING
    Roper-McArthur
123.8 MATARANKA STATION
97.0 LARRIMAH
94.0 REDBANK MINE
80.0 HODGSON RIVER
68.6 MATARANKA COUNCIL
56.0 MARYFIELD
55.2 NUTWOOD DOWNS
51.0 GORRIE
    Darwin-Daly
66.2 KOOLPINYAH
62.0 JINDARE
62.0 CUTTA CUTTA
    Barkly
52.4 MITTIEBAH

QUEENSLAND
    N Peninsula
53.4 ELIOT FALLS
51.8 CAPE KEERWEER
    Gulf Country
88.0 BLACKBULL SIDING
84.0 MORNINGTON ISLAND
73.0 KARUMBA AIRPORT
    Upper Carpentaria
78.4 GEORGETOWN POST OFFICE
76.0 GILBERTON
56.5 LUCKY SPRINGS STATION
52.0 ROSELLA PLAINS STATION
    Wide Bay/Burnett
51.0 CALLIOPE POST OFFICE
    Brisbane/SE Coast
69.8 IMBIL FORESTRY

High rainfall for periods of 6 hours or less.


NORTHERN TERRITORY
   
MIDDLE POINT AWS
7.8mm in 23 min to 75:00 20.3mm/h
13.6mm in 1 hr to 75:00 13.6mm/h
    E Kimberley
ARGYLE AERODROME
15.6mm in 31 min to 02:31 30.2mm/h
20.0mm in 1 hr to 03:00 20.0mm/h
20.0mm in 3 hr to 03:00 6.7mm/h
    W Kimberley
FITZROY CROSSING AERO
17.4mm in 22 min to 04:22 47.5mm/h
27.4mm in 38 min to 05:00 43.3mm/h
44.8mm in 1 hr to 05:00 44.8mm/h
12.6mm in 1 hr to 06:00 12.6mm/h
57.0mm in 3 hr to 06:00 19.0mm/h
    Roper-McArthur
DALY WATERS AWS
24.0mm in 3 hr to 05:30 8.0mm/h
CENTRE ISLAND
18.0mm in 3 hr to 20:30 6.0mm/h
    Victoria
VICTORIA RIVER DOWNS
6.8mm in 37 min to 00:06 11.0mm/h
LAJAMANU
15.0mm in 3 hr to 02:30 5.0mm/h
    Darwin-Daly
DARWIN AIRPORT
18.6mm in 13 min to 12:30 85.8mm/h
18.6mm in 1 hr to 12:30 18.6mm/h
20.0mm in 3 hr to 14:30 6.7mm/h
21.4mm in 30 min to 16:30 42.8mm/h
21.4mm in 1 hr to 17:00 21.4mm/h

QUEENSLAND
    Gulf Country
MORNINGTON ISLAND
4.8mm in 7 min to 03:32 41.1mm/h
17.0mm in 3 hr to 06:00 5.7mm/h
22.0mm in 3 hr to 12:00 7.3mm/h
12.4mm in 17 min to 12:59 43.8mm/h
32.0mm in 31 min to 13:30 61.9mm/h
50.8mm in 1 hr to 13:30 50.8mm/h
14.2mm in 12 min to 13:47 71.0mm/h
15.4mm in 13 min to 14:00 71.1mm/h
7.6mm in 14 min to 14:14 32.6mm/h
20.8mm in 16 min to 14:30 78.0mm/h
62.2mm in 1 hr to 14:30 62.2mm/h
34.0mm in 30 min to 15:00 68.0mm/h
62.4mm in 1 hr to 15:00 62.4mm/h
154.0mm in 3 hr to 15:00 51.3mm/h
176.0mm in 6 hr to 15:00 29.3mm/h
8.6mm in 15 min to 15:44 34.4mm/h
6.4mm in 16 min to 16:00 24.0mm/h
21.0mm in 1 hr to 16:00 21.0mm/h
7.0mm in 31 min to 17:26 13.5mm/h
8.6mm in 34 min to 18:00 15.2mm/h
44.0mm in 3 hr to 18:00 14.7mm/h
24.0mm in 3 hr to 21:00 8.0mm/h
68.0mm in 6 hr to 21:00 11.3mm/h
NORMANTON AIRPORT
19.0mm in 3 hr to 00:00 6.3mm/h
    Upper Carpentaria
GEORGETOWN POST OFFICE
70.0mm in 3 hr to 06:00 23.3mm/h
HUGHENDEN AIRPORT
30.6mm in 1 hr to 22:00 30.6mm/h
14.4mm in 1 hr to 23:00 14.4mm/h

Todays highest & lowest temperatures

Maximum Minimum
40.6 GASCOYNE JUNCTION W Gascoyne WA
40.2 PARABURDOO AERO E Gascoyne WA
40.2 TELFER AERO Interior WA
40.0 MARBLE BAR E Pilbara WA
40.0 SHARK BAY AIRPORT W Gascoyne WA
40.0 CAMOOWEAL TOWNSHIP Northwest QLD
29.0 DUM IN MIRRIE Darwin-Daly NT
29.0 COCONUT ISLAND N Peninsula QLD
28.0 HAMILTON ISLAND AIRPORT Central Coast E QLD
28.0 ALVA BEACH Central Coast E QLD
28.0 RUNDLE ISLAND Wide Bay/Burnett QLD
28.0 HERVEY BAY AIRPORT Brisbane/SE Coast QLD
28.0 WILLIS ISLAND Islands
28.0 KURI BAY N Kimberley WA
28.0 CAPE FOURCROY Islands
5.9 MOUNT READ W Coast TAS
7.0 THREDBO (CRACKENBACK STATION) AWS Snowy Mtns NSW
7.0 MOUNT BULLER Upper NE VIC
7.1 MOUNT WELLINGTON Southeast TAS
-1.2 MT HOTHAM Upper NE VIC
-1.0 THREDBO (CRACKENBACK STATION) AWS Snowy Mtns NSW
0.0 MOUNT BULLER Upper NE VIC
1.0 CABRAMURRA SMHEA AWS SW Slopes S NSW
1.2 MOUNT WELLINGTON Southeast TAS

Todays greatest temperature variations from normal

Maximum Minimum
+7.6   38.9 CARNARVON AIRPORT W Gascoyne WA
+7.5   39.9 BRIAN PASTURES Brisbane/SE Coast QLD
+7.3   34.7 DOUBLE ISLAND POINT LIGHTHOUSE Brisbane/SE Coast QLD
+7.1   39.7 GAYNDAH POST OFFICE Wide Bay/Burnett QLD
+6.7   38.0 GYMPIE Brisbane/SE Coast QLD
+8.2   27.3 NAMBOUR DPI Brisbane/SE Coast QLD
+7.5   27.0 GYMPIE Brisbane/SE Coast QLD
+6.5   22.0 PINGELLY Gt Southern WA
+6.5   27.1 MARYBOROUGH Brisbane/SE Coast QLD
+6.4   23.3 TABULAM (MUIRNE) N Tablelands E NSW
-10.6   26.6 GILES METEOROLOGICAL OFFICE Interior WA
-9.3   20.5 KEITH Upper SE SA
-9.2   7.0 MOUNT BULLER Upper NE VIC
-9.0   19.0 CASTLEMAINE PRISON N Central VIC
-10.8   5.5 QUIRINDI POST OFFICE NW Slopes S NSW
-10.7   2.6 YONGALA Upper North SA
-10.7   5.4 WAGGA WAGGA AMO SW Slopes S NSW
-10.1   4.2 KYANCUTTA W Agricultural SA
-9.4   7.1 GAWLER RANGES (NONNING) NW Pastoral SA

Highest wind gusts above 89km/h or mean wind above 62km/h (gale force). Wind direction and mean windspeed shown in brackets.

BOMBALA AWS Goulburn/Monaro NSW: 76 (240/ 63 ) at 11:07
WILSONS PROMONTORY LIGHTHOUSE W Gippsland VIC: 98 (270/ 76 ) at 02:00
KINGFISH A SHIP LOG 206 W Gippsland VIC: 87 (284/ 65 ) at 02:30
CAPE GRIM B.A.P.S. N Coast TAS: 83 (250/ 65 ) at 03:00
MOUNT WELLINGTON Southeast TAS: 91 (230/ 74 ) at 13:30

Other extremes

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