Wednesday 28 AUG 2019
 

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2019

Sep

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National Daily Weather Summary


Records set | Charts | Cities | Hottest | Coldest | Rain, sun & wind | Downpours & gales
State extremes | Noteworthy weather | Capital Cities | Regional Cities | Alpine Stations
Charts and data courtesy Bureau of Meteorology. MTSAT-1R operated by JMA
Weather, Climate and Site News

International  Major dry-season conflagrations drive further loss of Amazon rainforest Wed 28 Aug 2019

Fires from satellite

Satellite imagery from all sources of all fires burning during the six hours to 04.00 EST today. Since the start of 2019, NASA's AQUA satellite has identified 179,471 fires across South America, with the most affected countries being Brazil 83,329, Venezuela 26,569, Bolivia 19,111, Colombia 14,336, Argentina 14,280, Paraguay 10,723 and Peru 6,400. The majority of these fires are in the Amazon basin. INPE

The Amazon dry season from August to November has long been the time when spent crops or freshly felled clearances have been burnt off. This year's burning has seen a major increase in numbers of fires compared with recent years, especially in the Amazonas and Rodonia States in W and SW Brazil and in Bolivia. Parts of the Amazon rainforest in Venezuela, Colombia and Peru are also affected.

Brazil's National Institute for Space Research (INPE) data shows more than 75,000 active fires in the country, 84% up on the 2018 figures for the same period according to the BBC. NASA reported that fire detections by its Aqua satellite were the highest since 2010 to this time of year with indications 2019 may be a record for Amazon fires [space.com].

2010 was a year of El Niño-induced severe drought in Brazil, and IPNE figures* (scroll down to Country Annual Comparative Table and select the Every Year tab) show that in 2010 127,147 fires had been detected in the year to 27 August compared with 83,329 for the same period this year. Drought conditions are not a factor this year which has seen a very mild start to the dry season.

In the era of satellite fire detection since 1998, the only other years of greater fire numbers, again for the 1 January to 27 August period, were 2002 to 2007 when massive deforestation took place. Since then many factors have reduced deforestation including the creation of public lands [Wikipedia]. However, scientists in Brazil are arguing that deforestation is again increasing due to the pro-development policies of the government of Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro [ScienceMag]. There is certainly no doubt that this highly visible spike in wildfires has focussed the wrath of Western media and politics in particular and gained world-wide condemnation from environmental groups.

Escalating deforestation of the Amazon basin from logging, burning and clearing has been an issue of international concern for many years, since the Amazon rainforest is both a major source of oxygen production and a carbon sink as well as home to indigenous communities. In his weekly address last Sunday 25th, Pope Frances told thousands in St Peter's Square "We are all worried about the vast fires that have developed in the Amazon. Let us pray so that with the commitment of all, they can be put out soon. That lung of forests is vital for our planet” [Reuters]. That would have resonated in Brazil, the world's largest Catholic country.

Related media:

For notes on annotations (*, etc), attributions, abbreviations and translation using your browser, go here

 


Provisional records set or equalled today

Obvious errors have been corrected, however this is realtime data which has not yet been validated. Full validation of official records by the BoM Quality Management System (QMS) is a much more complex process and may take some months. Go here for further information on this records section and how the QMS works. These provisional records are based on data received as at 1410 EST on 29/08/2019.

District Site Today Previous monthly record Previous all time record
if equalled or broken
Comments
Reading Reading Date Years Reading Date Years
Highest maximum temperature

WA

Lower West

009021

PERTH AIRPORT

29.9

28.3

26/08/1998

76

1 N C

WA

Lower West

009037

BADGINGARRA RESEARCH STN

29.9

27.7

12/08/1976

53

1 N C

WA

Lower West

009114

LANCELIN

31.0

29.0

12/08/1976

51

1 N C

WA

Lower West

009172

JANDAKOT AERO

29.4

27.0

15/08/2015

28

1 N C

WA

Lower West

009178

GINGIN AERO

30.0

28.0

29/08/2006

24

1 N C

WA

Lower West

009204

GOOSEBERRY HILL

28.0

26.0

24/08/2013

19

1 P

WA

Lower West

009215

SWANBOURNE

30.2

28.0

15/08/2015

25

1 N C

WA

Lower West

009225

PERTH METRO

30.0

27.2

26/08/1998

26

1 N C

WA

Lower West

009240

BICKLEY

26.6

24.7

25/08/1994

26

1 N C

WA

Lower West

009256

GARDEN ISLAND HSF

25.9

25.9

15/08/2015

18

1 N C Equal to record.

WA

SW & S Coast

009518

CAPE LEEUWIN

25.5

24.7

06/08/2014

113

1 N C

WA

SW & S Coast

009538

DWELLINGUP

27.1

24.9

20/08/2018

60

1 N C

WA

SW & S Coast

009994

COLLIE EAST

27.2

24.9

20/08/2018

17

1 N C

WA

Cent Wheatbelt

010058

GOOMALLING

29.7

29.5

29/08/2006

43

1 N C

WA

Cent Wheatbelt

010311

YORK

28.5

27.5

29/08/2006

24

1 N C

WA

Gt Southern

010524

BROOKTON

26.8

26.7

29/08/2006

52

1 N C

WA

Gt Southern

010626

PINGELLY

26.4

26.1

29/08/2006

49

1 N C

Highest wind gust (km/h)

NT

Roper-McArthur

014627

BULMAN

52

48.0

27/08/2003

17

N C


The day in charts
Surface charts Satellite images Rain & temperatures
4am EST Rainfall -- 24 hours to 9am

Week to 9am | SE AUS detail
10am EST Minimum temperature anomalies

See actual temperatures
4pm EST Maximum temperature anomalies

See actual temperatures
10pm EST Solar Radiation

Summary of observations

For notes on how to interpret the data and quality control issues, see Daily Weather Summary Help.
**S** and **W** precede data flagged by the Bureau as suspicious or wrong
Data is as received at 14:10EST, 29/08/2019.

Major centres
Max
° C
+/- norm
° C
Min
° C
+/- norm
° C
Grass Min
° C
Rain to 9am mm Evaporation to 9am mm Sunshine hours Wind Run to 9am km (24-hour average km/h) Maximum Gust km/h / hour of occurrence
PERTH AIRPORT 29.9 +11.3 14.5 +6.4 8.4 0.0 4.0 10.4 378 (15.8) 41/12
BUNBURY 23.8 +6.2 6.3 -1.4 -- 0.0 -- -- 77 ( 3.2) 26/14
MANDURAH 23.9 +5.9 12.3 +1.3 -- 0.0 -- -- 163 ( 6.8) 24/12
DARWIN AIRPORT 34.8 +3.4 19.4 -0.9 18.2 0.0 7.6 10.5 266 (11.1) 43/10
ALICE SPRINGS AIRPORT 20.3 -2.4 2.7 -3.3 -- 0.0 -- -- 281 (11.7) 35/15
WHYALLA AERO 18.3 -0.3 2.0 -3.9 -- 0.0 -- -- 245 (10.2) 43/14
ADELAIDE (KENT TOWN) 14.6 -2.1 7.2 -1.0 -- 0.0 -- -- 133 ( 5.5) 35/11
MOUNT GAMBIER AERO 12.3 -1.9 7.4 +1.9 -- 3.8 -- -- 437 (18.2) 55/14
MOUNT ISA AERO 23.8 -3.6 11.3 +1.2 -- 0.0 -- -- 452 (18.8) 59/12
CAIRNS AERO 29.1 +2.4 18.7 +1.3 -- 0.0 -- -- 415 (17.3) 35/14
TOWNSVILLE AERO 26.5 +0.4 14.1 -0.6 -- 0.0 -- -- 286 (11.9) 34/12
MACKAY M.O -- -- 14.4 +0.4 -- 0.0 -- -- 286 (11.9) --
ROCKHAMPTON AERO 27.8 +2.9 11.3 +0.6 -- 0.0 -- -- 183 ( 7.6) 26/13
BUNDABERG AERO 26.2 +2.7 11.0 +0.2 -- 0.0 -- -- 181 ( 7.5) 28/13
COOLANGATTA 22.4 +0.8 14.7 +4.3 -- 0.0 -- -- 254 (10.6) 24/09
BRISBANE AERO 22.9 +0.9 15.2 +5.5 14.5 0.2 3.4 3.0 249 (10.4) 30/11
TOOWOOMBA AIRPORT 15.7 -3.0 12.6 +5.1 -- 2.4 -- -- 311 (13.0) 28/10
PORT MACQUARIE AIRPORT AWS 20.9 +0.6 8.6 +2.0 -- 0.0 -- -- 177 ( 7.4) 30/14
WILLIAMTOWN RAAF 19.7 +1.0 8.5 +1.6 -- 0.0 -- -- 326 (13.6) 28/15
BATHURST AIRPORT AWS 15.7 +2.2 0.6 -0.7 -- 0.2 -- -- 166 ( 6.9) 41/13
ORANGE AIRPORT AWS 12.1 +0.9 -2.3 -3.2 -- 0.0 -- -- 203 ( 8.5) 35/13
DUBBO AIRPORT AWS 20.2 +2.6 2.1 -1.2 -- 0.0 -- -- 255 (10.6) 43/14
SYDNEY AIRPORT AMO 20.2 +1.8 10.0 +1.8 8.3 1.0 2.4 10.2 463 (19.3) 31/14
RICHMOND RAAF 22.3 +2.5 4.5 +0.1 -- 0.0 -- -- 187 ( 7.8) 30/16
BELLAMBI AWS 17.8 -0.2 10.7 +0.2 -- 1.8 -- -- 348 (14.5) 43/22
CANBERRA AIRPORT 17.0 -- 1.6 -- -- 0.0 -- -- 123 ( 5.1) 44/15
WAGGA WAGGA AMO 15.7 +1.2 -2.0 -5.5 -- 0.0 -- -- 184 ( 7.7) 34/13
ALBURY AIRPORT AWS 14.7 -0.2 -0.4 -4.1 -- 0.0 -- -- 121 ( 5.0) 34/12
MILDURA AIRPORT 17.2 -0.1 2.2 -3.0 -- 0.0 -- 7.3 218 ( 9.1) 41/14
TATURA INST SUSTAINABLE AG 13.4 -1.3 -0.9 -4.7 0.1 0.0 -- -- -- 37/12
BENDIGO AIRPORT -- -- -0.3 -3.1 -- 0.0 -- -- -- --
MELBOURNE AIRPORT 12.2 -2.2 4.9 -1.0 2.5 0.0 2.2 0.0 390 (16.3) 54/14
BALLARAT AERODROME 8.6 -2.9 2.4 -1.3 -- 0.0 -- -- 321 (13.4) 44/16
LAUNCESTON (TI TREE BEND) 13.1 -0.7 10.0 +6.4 -- 0.6 -- -- 511 (21.3) 44/06
HOBART AIRPORT 9.6 -3.9 8.7 +4.0 7.4 0.2 2.8 1.8 560 (23.3) 54/07
Max
° C
+/- norm
° C
Min
° C
+/- norm
° C
Grass Min
° C
Rain to 9am mm Evaporation to 9am mm Sunshine hours Wind Run to 9am km Maximum Gust km/h / hour of occurrence
Hottest
Highest maximum temperature>Greatest variation above normal maximum Highest minimum temperatureGreatest variation above normal minimum

37.0 WEST ROEBUCK W Kimberley WA
37.0 YAMPI SOUND (DEFENCE) W Kimberley WA
36.2 FITZROY CROSSING AERO W Kimberley WA
36.1 CURTIN AERO W Kimberley WA
36.0 MIDDLE POINT N Rivers NT
36.0 OENPELLI AIRPORT N Rivers NT
36.0 WYNDHAM AERO N Kimberley WA

+11.9 : 29.8 WONGAN HILLS Central West WA
+11.7 : 29.9 DALWALLINU Central West WA
+11.6 : 29.9 BADGINGARRA RESEARCH STN Lower West WA
+11.6 : 31.0 LANCELIN Lower West WA
+11.5 : 29.7 GOOMALLING Cent Wheatbelt WA

25.0 BROWSE ISLAND Islands ISL
24.0 COCONUT ISLAND N Peninsula QLD
24.0 COCOS ISLAND NTC AWS Islands ISL
23.8 COCOS ISLAND AIRPORT Islands ISL
23.0 HOLMES REEF Islands ISL
23.0 TORRES STRAIT NTC AWS Islands ISL
23.0 ROWLEY SHOALS Islands ISL
23.0 ADELE ISLAND Islands ISL

+9.8 : 12.6 PINDARI DAM NW Slopes N NSW
+9.5 : 14.1 DALBY AIRPORT Darling Downs E QLD
+9.4 : 12.6 WARWICK Darling Downs E QLD
+9.3 : 15.8 TAROOM POST OFFICE Central Highlands QLD
+9.3 : 12.9 OAKEY AERO Darling Downs E QLD

Coldest
Lowest maximum temperatureGreatest variation below normal maximum Lowest minimum temperatureGreatest variation below normal minimum

-1.4 MOUNT HOTHAM Upper NE VIC
-0.7 MOUNT BULLER Upper NE VIC
-0.6 KUNANYI (MOUNT WELLINGTON PINNACLE) Southeast TAS
-0.4 THREDBO AWS Snowy Mtns NSW
0.0 MOUNT BAW BAW W Gippsland VIC
0.0 MOUNT READ W Coast TAS

-4.7 : 22.2 THE MONUMENT AIRPORT Northwest QLD
-4.7 : 21.0 BEDOURIE Channel Country QLD
-4.5 : 17.4 DALBY AIRPORT Darling Downs E QLD
-4.4 : 24.0 CAMOOWEAL TOWNSHIP Northwest QLD
-4.1 : 2.5 HARTZ MOUNTAIN (KEOGHS PIMPLE) Southeast TAS

-6.3 COOMA AIRPORT AWS Goulburn/Monaro NSW
-6.3 THREDBO AWS Snowy Mtns NSW
-5.8 PERISHER VALLEY AWS Snowy Mtns NSW
-4.0 THREDBO VILLAGE Snowy Mtns NSW
-3.7 MOUNT HOTHAM Upper NE VIC

-7.8 : -1.7 CEDUNA AMO W Agricultural SA
-6.7 : -1.7 KYANCUTTA W Agricultural SA
-6.0 : -0.3 WUDINNA AERO W Agricultural SA
-5.9 : -2.0 MANGALORE AIRPORT N Central VIC
-5.7 : 9.6 NORTH ISLAND Central West WA

Wettest
Sunniest & dullest
Windiest
Highest gusts
Todays highest rainfall totals for the 24 hours to 9am. It includes the top 5 totals nationally followed by all reported falls of 50mm or more.
Highest and lowest recordings of hours of sunshine for the 24 hours to midnight.
Highest wind run totals in kilometres for the 24 hours to 9am (average speed in brackets). All reported runs > =25km/h are shown.
Highest wind gusts in km/h for the 24 hours to midnight followed by the hour in which it occurred. All stations with gusts > 89km/h are shown.
50.0 MOUNT READ W Coast TAS
33.2 LORD HOWE ISLAND AERO Islands ISL
32.8 LORD HOWE ISLAND (MILKY WAY) Islands ISL
27.6 QUEENSTOWN (SOUTH QUEENSTOWN) W Coast TAS
25.8 OAKWOOD TM Brisbane/SE Coast QLD

QUEENSLAND
Brisbane/SE Coast
25.8 OAKWOOD TM

TASMANIA
W Coast
50.0 MOUNT READ
27.6 QUEENSTOWN (SOUTH QUEENSTOWN)

ISLANDS
Islands
33.2 LORD HOWE ISLAND AERO
32.8 LORD HOWE ISLAND (MILKY WAY)

11.2 GILES METEOROLOGICAL OFFICE Interior WA
10.5 DARWIN AIRPORT N Rivers NT
10.5 WELLINGTON (D&J RURAL) CW Slopes S NSW
10.4 PERTH AIRPORT Lower West WA
10.2 SYDNEY AIRPORT AMO Sydney--east NSW

.....

1.0 NURIOOTPA PIRSA Adelaide/Lofty SA
1.0 SCOTTSDALE (WEST MINSTONE ROAD) N Coast TAS
0.4 LAKE LEAKE (ELIZABETH RIVER) E Coast TAS
0.0 MELBOURNE AIRPORT E Central VIC
0.0 LAKE EILDON N Central VIC

1771 (73.8) MAATSUYKER ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE Southeast TAS
1352 (56.3) KUNANYI (MOUNT WELLINGTON PINNACLE) Southeast TAS
1325 (55.2) LOW ROCKY POINT W Coast TAS
1272 (53.0) CAPE GRIM BAPS (COMPARISON) N Coast TAS
1184 (49.3) SCOTTS PEAK DAM W Coast TAS
1105 (46.0) HARTZ MOUNTAIN (KEOGHS PIMPLE) Southeast TAS
1090 (45.4) HOGAN ISLAND Islands ISL
1034 (43.1) LOW HEAD N Coast TAS
939 (39.1) KING ISLAND AIRPORT King Island TAS
924 (38.5) SWAN ISLAND E Coast TAS
885 (36.9) MOUNT READ W Coast TAS
870 (36.3) CAPE SORELL W Coast TAS
859 (35.8) DEVONPORT AIRPORT N Coast TAS
853 (35.5) LARAPUNA (EDDYSTONE POINT) E Coast TAS
819 (34.1) STRAHAN AERODROME W Coast TAS
800 (33.3) NEPTUNE ISLAND W Agricultural SA
778 (32.4) MARIA ISLAND (POINT LESUEUR) E Coast TAS
771 (32.1) CRESSY RESEARCH STATION N Coast TAS
769 (32.0) FLINDERS ISLAND AIRPORT Flinders Is/Bass St TAS
761 (31.7) WILLIS ISLAND Islands ISL
747 (31.1) TASMAN ISLAND Southeast TAS
734 (30.6) CAPE WESSEL Islands ISL
733 (30.5) LAUNCESTON AIRPORT N Coast TAS
724 (30.2) CAPE NELSON LIGHTHOUSE W Coast VIC
709 (29.5) LUNCHEON HILL (FORESTRY) N Coast TAS
706 (29.4) CAPE BRUNY (CAPE BRUNY) Southeast TAS
688 (28.7) LIAWENEE Central Plateau TAS
675 (28.1) CAPE OTWAY LIGHTHOUSE W Coast VIC
659 (27.5) COLAC (MOUNT GELLIBRAND) W Coast VIC
657 (27.4) CAPE FLATTERY N Coast--Barron QLD
632 (26.3) TUNNACK FIRE STATION Southeast TAS
631 (26.3) SMITHTON AERODROME N Coast TAS
616 (25.7) WARRA W Coast TAS
131/03 MAATSUYKER ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE Southeast TAS
104/08 CAPE GRIM BAPS (COMPARISON) N Coast TAS
104/04 SCOTTS PEAK DAM W Coast TAS
100/06 CAPE BRUNY (CAPE BRUNY) Southeast TAS
98/04 HARTZ MOUNTAIN (KEOGHS PIMPLE) Southeast TAS
98/01 MOUNT READ W Coast TAS
91/17 WILSONS PROMONTORY LIGHTHOUSE W Gippsland VIC
91/05 KUNANYI (MOUNT WELLINGTON PINNACLE) Southeast TAS
91/01 LOW ROCKY POINT W Coast TAS

Downpours High AWS wind reports
High rainfall for periods of 6 hours or less from AWS and synoptic reports. Storm force gusts (>89km/h) and 10-minute mean gales (>62km/h) reported by AWSs. Wind direction and mean windspeed are shown in brackets.
TASMANIA
W Coast
SCOTTS PEAK DAM
16.0mm in 3 hr to 09:00 5.3mm/h

VICTORIA
W Gippsland
WILSONS PROMONTORY LIGHTHOUSE : 91(230/ 35 ) at 17:32
E Central
SOUTH CHANNEL ISLAND : 70(200/ 63 ) at 15:04
TASMANIA
N Coast
CAPE GRIM BAPS (COMPARISON) : 95(210/ 76 ) at 08:26
CAPE GRIM : 82(230/ 63 ) at 08:24
E Coast
MARIA ISLAND (POINT LESUEUR) : 76(200/ 69 ) at 14:54
Southeast
MAATSUYKER ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE : 126(320/ 98 ) at 03:00
KUNANYI (MOUNT WELLINGTON PINNACLE) : 89(290/ 67 ) at 06:00
HARTZ MOUNTAIN (KEOGHS PIMPLE) : 98(280/ 58 ) at 04:30
CAPE BRUNY (CAPE BRUNY) : 100(280/ 41 ) at 06:15
W Coast
CAPE SORELL : 87(270/ 63 ) at 06:18
LOW ROCKY POINT : 87(320/ 69 ) at 04:30
SCOTTS PEAK DAM : 104(310/ 72 ) at 04:15
MOUNT READ : 98(310/ 46 ) at 01:55
ISLANDS
Islands
HOGAN ISLAND : 85(300/ 76 ) at 12:30