Saturday 21 SEP 2019
 

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2019

Oct

M Tu W Th F Sa Su
  01 02 03 04 05 06
07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31      

Sep

M Tu W Th F Sa Su
            01
02 03 04 05 06 07 08
09 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30            

Aug

M Tu W Th F Sa Su
      01 02 03 04
05 06 07 08 09 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31  

Jul

M Tu W Th F Sa Su
01 02 03 04 05 06 07
08 09 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31        

Jun

M Tu W Th F Sa Su
          01 02
03 04 05 06 07 08 09
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30

May

M Tu W Th F Sa Su
    01 02 03 04 05
06 07 08 09 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30 31    

Apr

M Tu W Th F Sa Su
01 02 03 04 05 06 07
08 09 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30          

Mar

M Tu W Th F Sa Su
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04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Feb

M Tu W Th F Sa Su
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04 05 06 07 08 09 10
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25 26 27 28      

Jan

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07 08 09 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31      

 

National Daily Weather Summary


Records set | Charts | Cities | Hottest | Coldest | Rain, sun & wind | Downpours & gales
State extremes | Noteworthy weather | Capital Cities | Regional Cities | Alpine Stations
Charts and data courtesy Bureau of Meteorology. MTSAT-1R operated by JMA
Weather, Climate and Site News

Climate Global wildfires: perceptions vs realities
Sat 21 Sep 2019

Wildfires burning in the Amazon Basin and Indonesia as well as an unprecedented early and disastrous start to our Australian southern fire season has again focussed attention on their negative impacts.

The total number of wildfires globally is enormous. 18,959,413 fires have been detected for the year to today according to Global Forest Watch Fires (GFWF) based on data from the MODIS and higher resolution VIIRS satellites. This is their map showing fires burning in the last day. As is normal, the greatest number lie in the tropical band across central Africa, especially the Congo, Angola and Zambia. Africa accounts for around 70% of global fires annually. 

Russia, driven by the fires in Siberia, comes second in number of fire alerts this year, Brazil third and Australia fourth, with most fires in the NT and WA. Indonesia doesn't appear in the year-to-date top ten, yet, because it has only been in the past month that the worst fires since 2015 have burned for agricultural clearing in Sumatra and additionally escaped into peatlands in Kalimantan. [Guardian, NOAA, NASA]


Global fire season comparison, 2001 to 2019, using MODIS data only (therefore fewer fires identified than when combined with VIIRS data). GFWF

It's interesting to compare global fire seasons using satellite data between 2003 and 2019. The lowest two lines, for 2001 and 2002, can be ignored as those were years that government agencies were setting up to use MODIS as a tool for identifying fires and issuing alerts. The remaining 17 years cluster far more closely together than you'd expect, showing that fires globally are a common and steady phenomenon, not varying greatly in number from year to year. Comparing years to today's date, 2019 sits at 12th out of 17 — so below average — in terms of number of fires identified.

While many developed nations, eastern Australia, western USA and southern Europe in particular, regard fire as an enemy, for much of the world's population it has long been a part of life and an indispensable agricultural tool to clear land or nourish the soil. Lightning from dry thunderstorms has started fires in grasslands and forests for aeons before humans arrived, so many ecosystems are dependent on regular burning to maintain their biodiversity and natural habitats.

It's surprising to learn that, despite global heating, the area burnt globally by fires, as distinct from the number of fires, has decreased by 25% since 2003 according to Yale Environment based on NASA data. This study in Nature Geoscience went much further back and examined charcoal records in sediments over the past 2,000 years. It concluded that global burning has dropped sharply since about 1870, and attributed that to the global expansion of intensive grazing and agriculture and improvements in fire management.

The increasingly apocalyptic reporting of fires is driven by their increased intensity helped by global heating as well as urban sprawl that sees increasing settlement in forest and grassland areas on the edges of cities and in regional areas. However, it is more complex than that. This detailed study by Doerr and Santin, published by the Royal Society, explains the paradox of why we see wildfires as an increasingly severe problem while the evidence says that the global area burned has declined in the past few decades. It is a compelling read and brings some balance to many exaggerated wildfire perceptions.

  An unusually warm night in SE Australia
Sat 21 Sep 2019

Overnight Friday into Saturday 20/21 Sep was an unusually warm night given that it came in the NW stream ahead of a pretty inconsequential cool change.

Sixteen new provisional September high minimum temperatures were set stretching from the NSW Central West Plains to the TAS East Coast. All except three of them are from AWSs with short 15 to 25 year histories. Lake Cargelligo Airport, with a 50-year history, added a remarkable 3.4° to its previous record (but see note in records below) while Essendon Airport in Melbourne's north, also with a half-century history, added just 0.1°. Rutherglen Research is the outstanding one, though. Daily records there go back to 1912 providing 101 complete years of observations. Saturday morning's minimum of 18.7 breaks the previous September record of 17.8 set on 28 Sep 1928, so a significantly warm September night in the vineyards. The full list of new records is here.

One of the great pities of the shift to Automatic Weather Stations in Australia during the 1990s and 2000s has been the loss of continuity with older, often very long records at most locations across the country. AWSs have been put in places where there weren't manual stations previously, or have been moved to a location not comparable with the old manual station. Forbes, Cowra and Young are classic examples where the manual station was in town (usually at the Post Office), with records back to 1873, 1907 and 1907 respectively, while the AWS is in a different environment at the airport 5 to 10km out of town.

Of course, the AWS era has led to huge improvements in monitoring the weather with readings taken as often as every minute and usually of a higher quality than in the manual observer era. However, although airports are better, more representative, locations for measuring most weather elements now due to urbanisation of the earlier station areas, it still makes meaningful comparisons with significant events more than a quarter of a century ago difficult.

International Haiti: heavy rain brings flooding. Sat 21 Sep 2019 Heavy rain on Haiti, off the eastern tip of Cuba, has caused severe flooding with 2 deaths and 4 missing reported so far. 300 houses are flooded, 30 destroyed and 55 damaged while there has been significant damage to infrastructure and agriculture. [Reliefweb]

For notes on annotations (*, etc), attributions, abbreviations and translation using your browser, go here


Provisional records set or equalled today

Obvious errors have been corrected, however this is realtime data which has not yet been validated. Full validation of official records by the BoM Quality Management System (QMS) is a much more complex process and may take some months. Go here for further information on this records section and how the QMS works. These provisional records are based on data received as at 1409 EST on 22/09/2019.

District Site Today Previous monthly record Previous all time record
if equalled or broken
Comments
Reading Reading Date Years Reading Date Years
Highest daily rainfall

SA

Adelaide Plains

023114

BEAUMONT

68.6

37.8

29/09/2016

19

67.8

14/02/2014

19

1 S Suspect. Falls in Adelaide area were very even between 10 and 15mm with some to 20mm and one at 27mm.

Highest minimum temperature

NSW

CW Plains S

050017

WEST WYALONG AIRPORT AWS

19.0

18.4

28/09/2012

21

1 N C

NSW

CW Plains S

050137

CONDOBOLIN AIRPORT AWS

21.1

20.1

28/09/2012

25

1 N C

NSW

Illawarra

068241

ALBION PARK (WOLLONGONG AIRPORT)

17.5

17.1

06/09/2012

21

1 N C

NSW

SW Slopes N

073138

YOUNG AIRPORT

16.3

14.8

29/09/2004

27

1 N C

NSW

SW Slopes N

073142

COOTAMUNDRA AIRPORT

15.0

14.6

10/09/2005

24

1 N C

NSW

Riverina W

075039

LAKE CARGELLIGO AIRPORT

21.4

18.0

29/09/2004

50

1 P C 3.4° was added to the record at station with 50 years of observations. As shown on the 10am AEST synoptic chart below, a front separating record warmth from air 10° or more cooler lay very close to this station which only makes one manual observation a day. We don't know the exact times the front passed or the observation was made, but they are important in authenticating this extraordinary but quite feasible record in the circumstances. They would be checked by BoM during validation.

VIC

Upper North

081125

SHEPPARTON AIRPORT

18.1

16.6

24/09/2001

24

1 N C

VIC

Lower NE

082039

RUTHERGLEN RESEARCH

18.7

17.8

28/09/1928

101

1 N C

VIC

E Gippsland

084084

MALLACOOTA

16.9

16.3

24/09/2001

25

1 N C

VIC

W Gippsland

085099

POUND CREEK

15.6

15.6

05/09/2013

13

1 N C Equal to record.

VIC

E Central

086038

ESSENDON AIRPORT

18.3

18.2

30/09/1944

50

1 N C

VIC

E Central

086068

VIEWBANK

20.2

19.0

24/09/2001

20

1 N C

VIC

E Central

086104

SCORESBY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

20.3

20.2

30/09/1980

53

1 N C

VIC

E Central

086383

COLDSTREAM

19.8

19.3

24/09/2001

25

1 N C

VIC

N Central

088164

EILDON FIRE TOWER

15.8

15.7

28/09/2012

24

1 N C

TAS

E Coast

092120

ST HELENS AERODROME

14.2

13.6

16/09/2001

19

1 N C


The day in charts
Surface charts Satellite images Rain & temperatures
4am EST Rainfall -- 24 hours to 9am

Week to 9am | SE AUS detail
10am EST Minimum temperature anomalies

See actual temperatures
4pm EST Maximum temperature anomalies

See actual temperatures
10pm EST Solar Radiation

Summary of observations

For notes on how to interpret the data and quality control issues, see Daily Weather Summary Help.
Data is as received at 14:07EST, 29/09/2019.

Major centres
Max
° C
+/- norm
° C
Min
° C
+/- norm
° C
Grass Min
° C
Rain to 9am mm Evaporation to 9am mm Sunshine hours Wind Run to 9am km (24-hour average km/h) Maximum Gust km/h / hour of occurrence
PERTH AIRPORT 19.4 -0.8 5.5 -3.4 4.8 0.0 3.6 10.1 345 (14.4) 41/15
BUNBURY 16.6 -1.9 3.5 -4.9 -- 0.0 -- -- 188 ( 7.8) 24/12
MANDURAH 18.0 -1.0 9.1 -2.6 -- 0.0 -- -- 278 (11.6) 28/14
DARWIN AIRPORT 33.1 +0.5 21.5 -1.5 21.0 0.0 7.4 10.3 270 (11.3) 44/15
ALICE SPRINGS AIRPORT 20.2 -7.1 8.1 -2.2 -- 0.0 -- -- 600 (25.0) 41/00
WHYALLA AERO 15.5 -6.1 7.2 -0.8 -- 16.0 -- -- 342 (14.3) 39/10
ADELAIDE (KENT TOWN) 15.7 -3.4 9.8 +0.1 -- 17.4 -- -- 198 ( 8.3) 43/09
MOUNT GAMBIER AERO 12.8 -3.1 8.7 +2.4 -- 0.0 -- -- -- 48/07
MOUNT ISA AERO 30.0 -1.4 16.2 +2.0 -- 0.0 -- -- 367 (15.3) 39/03
CAIRNS AERO 29.5 +1.4 21.6 +2.9 -- 0.0 -- -- 470 (19.6) 43/10
TOWNSVILLE AERO 29.0 +1.2 17.9 +0.5 -- 0.0 -- -- 526 (21.9) 48/13
MACKAY M.O 25.6 +0.2 20.9 +4.2 -- 0.0 -- -- 362 (15.1) 31/11
ROCKHAMPTON AERO 28.5 +1.0 17.2 +3.4 -- 0.0 -- -- 328 (13.7) 37/13
BUNDABERG AERO 26.8 +1.2 15.0 +1.3 -- 0.0 -- -- 349 (14.5) 52/18
COOLANGATTA 24.2 +0.8 16.0 +2.7 -- 0.0 -- -- 243 (10.1) 30/14
BRISBANE AERO 25.4 +1.2 15.6 +2.8 13.6 1.0 -- 10.0 272 (11.3) 35/11
TOOWOOMBA AIRPORT 25.0 +2.7 13.6 +3.0 -- 0.0 -- -- 598 (24.9) 43/00
PORT MACQUARIE AIRPORT AWS 23.5 +0.9 16.7 +7.4 -- 2.8 -- -- 463 (19.3) 48/14
WILLIAMTOWN RAAF 25.7 +4.3 17.3 +8.2 -- 0.0 -- -- 493 (20.5) 35/01
BATHURST AIRPORT AWS 23.8 +6.7 11.8 +8.1 -- 0.0 -- -- 387 (16.1) 61/11
ORANGE AIRPORT AWS 19.3 +4.5 11.4 +8.2 -- 0.0 -- -- 501 (20.9) 57/11
DUBBO AIRPORT AWS 26.2 +4.8 15.3 +9.2 -- 0.0 -- -- 571 (23.8) 68/11
SYDNEY AIRPORT AMO 24.1 +3.4 17.8 +7.2 16.9 0.0 6.2 4.3 735 (30.6) 57/16
RICHMOND RAAF 28.2 +5.3 13.1 +5.1 -- 0.2 -- -- 162 ( 6.8) 39/18
BELLAMBI AWS 19.5 -0.7 16.8 +4.4 -- 0.2 -- -- 636 (26.5) 55/13
CANBERRA AIRPORT 18.7 -- 10.1 -- -- 0.0 -- -- 296 (12.3) 52/13
WAGGA WAGGA AMO 23.1 +5.4 17.7 +12.6 -- 0.0 -- -- 543 (22.6) 70/08
ALBURY AIRPORT AWS 22.7 +4.6 14.0 +8.3 -- 0.0 -- -- 458 (19.1) 52/04
MILDURA AIRPORT 19.1 -1.5 9.9 +2.6 -- 2.6 12.2 -- 564 (23.5) 50/00
TATURA INST SUSTAINABLE AG 16.9 -0.6 15.3 +9.9 -- 0.0 -- -- 541 (22.5) 57/11
BENDIGO AIRPORT 15.9 -1.1 12.3 +7.8 -- 0.0 -- -- 455 (19.0) 59/13
MELBOURNE AIRPORT 18.9 +2.2 16.0 +8.9 12.1 0.0 7.2 3.7 712 (29.7) 68/04
BALLARAT AERODROME 13.9 0.0 9.6 +4.8 -- 0.0 -- -- 704 (29.3) 54/10
LAUNCESTON (TI TREE BEND) 20.1 +4.4 9.0 +3.8 -- 0.0 -- -- 174 ( 7.3) 57/15
HOBART AIRPORT 21.4 +6.0 11.2 +5.1 9.2 0.0 5.4 0.4 360 (15.0) 67/19
Max
° C
+/- norm
° C
Min
° C
+/- norm
° C
Grass Min
° C
Rain to 9am mm Evaporation to 9am mm Sunshine hours Wind Run to 9am km Maximum Gust km/h / hour of occurrence
Hottest
Highest maximum temperature>Greatest variation above normal maximum Highest minimum temperatureGreatest variation above normal minimum

38.1 WYNDHAM AERO N Kimberley WA
37.6 KALUMBURU N Kimberley WA
37.5 VICTORIA RIVER DOWNS N Rivers NT
37.5 WAVE HILL N Rivers NT
37.3 ARGYLE AERODROME E Kimberley WA

+9.9 : 24.2 WILSONS PROMONTORY LIGHTHOUSE W Gippsland VIC
+9.9 : 22.3 SCOTTS PEAK DAM W Coast TAS
+9.0 : 29.9 BALRANALD (RSL) Southwest Plains NSW
+8.9 : 20.4 LAKE LEAKE (ELIZABETH RIVER) E Coast TAS
+8.0 : 24.6 POINT HICKS (LIGHTHOUSE) E Gippsland VIC

25.0 ROWLEY SHOALS Islands ISL
25.0 ADELE ISLAND Islands ISL
25.0 BROWSE ISLAND Islands ISL
25.0 COCOS ISLAND NTC AWS Islands ISL
24.7 MCCLUER ISLAND N Rivers NT

+15.2 : 21.1 CONDOBOLIN AIRPORT AWS CW Plains S NSW
+14.5 : 19.7 FORBES AIRPORT AWS CW Slopes S NSW
+14.5 : 18.7 RUTHERGLEN RESEARCH Lower NE VIC
+14.3 : 18.8 PARKES AIRPORT AWS CW Slopes S NSW
+14.3 : 19.8 COLDSTREAM E Central VIC

Coldest
Lowest maximum temperatureGreatest variation below normal maximum Lowest minimum temperatureGreatest variation below normal minimum

5.8 GRAMPIANS (MOUNT WILLIAM) Wimmera S VIC
6.4 MOUNT BULLER Upper NE VIC
6.9 THREDBO AWS Snowy Mtns NSW
7.1 MOUNT HOTHAM Upper NE VIC
7.5 MOUNT GININI AWS Goulburn/Monaro NSW

-11.0 : 16.6 ARLTUNGA N Plateau NT
-9.4 : 20.2 BIRDSVILLE AIRPORT Channel Country QLD
-8.5 : 17.7 ERNABELLA (PUKATJA) NW Pastoral SA
-8.4 : 17.2 COOBER PEDY AIRPORT NW Pastoral SA
-8.2 : 20.8 YULARA AIRPORT N Plateau NT
-8.2 : 21.2 WATARRKA N Plateau NT

-1.1 SALMON GUMS RES.STN. Goldfields WA
-0.6 CUNDERDIN AIRFIELD Cent Wheatbelt WA
-0.6 NORSEMAN AERO Goldfields WA
-0.5 NEWDEGATE RESEARCH STATION Cent Wheatbelt WA
0.0 HYDEN Cent Wheatbelt WA
0.0 YORK Cent Wheatbelt WA

-10.0 : 3.0 GILES METEOROLOGICAL OFFICE Interior WA
-8.2 : 1.8 CURTIN SPRINGS N Plateau NT
-8.2 : 3.0 KULGERA N Plateau NT
-8.0 : 2.7 YULARA AIRPORT N Plateau NT
-6.9 : -1.1 SALMON GUMS RES.STN. Goldfields WA

Wettest
Sunniest & dullest
Windiest
Highest gusts
Todays highest rainfall totals for the 24 hours to 9am. It includes the top 5 totals nationally followed by all reported falls of 50mm or more.
Highest and lowest recordings of hours of sunshine for the 24 hours to midnight.
Highest wind run totals in kilometres for the 24 hours to 9am (average speed in brackets). All reported runs > =25km/h are shown.
Highest wind gusts in km/h for the 24 hours to midnight followed by the hour in which it occurred. All stations with gusts > 89km/h are shown.
27.4 BELAIR (ST JOHNS) Adelaide/Lofty SA
25.6 PARAWA (SECOND VALLEY FOREST AWS) Adelaide/Lofty SA
24.0 DARKE PEAK W Agricultural SA
24.0 WADDIKEE W Agricultural SA

SOUTH AUSTRALIA
W Agricultural
24.0 DARKE PEAK
24.0 WADDIKEE
Adelaide/Lofty
27.4 BELAIR (ST JOHNS)
25.6 PARAWA (SECOND VALLEY FOREST AWS)

11.1 GILES METEOROLOGICAL OFFICE Interior WA
10.3 DARWIN AIRPORT N Rivers NT
10.1 PERTH AIRPORT Lower West WA
10.0 BRISBANE AERO Brisbane/SE Coast QLD
8.8 ADELAIDE AIRPORT Adelaide/Lofty SA

.....

1.5 WELLINGTON (D&J RURAL) CW Slopes S NSW
1.5 LAKE LEAKE (ELIZABETH RIVER) E Coast TAS
0.7 GROVE (RESEARCH STATION) Southeast TAS
0.4 HOBART AIRPORT Southeast TAS
0.0 SCOTTSDALE (WEST MINSTONE ROAD) N Coast TAS

1471 (61.3) GABO ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE E Gippsland VIC
1414 (58.9) MOUNT HOTHAM Upper NE VIC
1325 (55.2) MOUNT BULLER Upper NE VIC
1202 (50.1) MONTAGUE ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE South Coast NSW
1169 (48.7) THREDBO AWS Snowy Mtns NSW
1129 (47.0) MOUNT READ W Coast TAS
1127 (47.0) GREEN CAPE AWS South Coast NSW
1100 (45.8) FALLS CREEK Upper NE VIC
1024 (42.7) WALLAN (KILMORE GAP) N Central VIC
954 (39.8) WILLIS ISLAND Islands ISL
916 (38.2) BIRDSVILLE AIRPORT Channel Country QLD
893 (37.2) CAPE GRIM BAPS (COMPARISON) N Coast TAS
884 (36.8) FLINDERS ISLAND AIRPORT Flinders Is/Bass St TAS
879 (36.6) KUNANYI (MOUNT WELLINGTON PINNACLE) Southeast TAS
868 (36.2) NORAH HEAD AWS Hunter Valley NSW
852 (35.5) CAPE GRIM N Coast TAS
810 (33.8) MARIA ISLAND (POINT LESUEUR) E Coast TAS
804 (33.5) CONDOBOLIN AIRPORT AWS CW Plains S NSW
795 (33.1) MARREE AERO NE Pastoral SA
792 (33.0) JERVIS BAY (POINT PERPENDICULAR AWS) Illawarra NSW
777 (32.4) NORTH ISLAND Central West WA
773 (32.2) BEDOUT ISLAND E Pilbara WA
773 (32.2) SYDNEY HARBOUR (WEDDING CAKE WEST) Sydney--east NSW
759 (31.6) HAMILTON ISLAND AIRPORT Central Coast E QLD
758 (31.6) TASMAN ISLAND Southeast TAS
753 (31.4) FORBES AIRPORT AWS CW Slopes S NSW
752 (31.3) LORD HOWE ISLAND AERO Islands ISL
747 (31.1) LEIGH CREEK AIRPORT NE Pastoral SA
742 (30.9) CAPE FLATTERY N Coast--Barron QLD
739 (30.8) GRAMPIANS (MOUNT WILLIAM) Wimmera S VIC
735 (30.6) SYDNEY AIRPORT AMO Sydney--east NSW
728 (30.3) MOOMBA AIRPORT NE Pastoral SA
722 (30.1) NARRANDERA AIRPORT AWS Riverina E NSW
715 (29.8) MOSS VALE AWS Illawarra NSW
712 (29.7) MELBOURNE AIRPORT E Central VIC
711 (29.6) HOGAN ISLAND Islands ISL
704 (29.3) BALLARAT AERODROME Western Plains VIC
704 (29.3) LUNCHEON HILL (FORESTRY) N Coast TAS
703 (29.3) PARKES AIRPORT AWS CW Slopes S NSW
700 (29.2) GRIFFITH AIRPORT AWS Riverina W NSW
698 (29.1) BALLERA GAS FIELD Far SW QLD
693 (28.9) OODNADATTA AIRPORT NE Pastoral SA
689 (28.7) NEPTUNE ISLAND W Agricultural SA
682 (28.4) NARRABRI AIRPORT AWS NW Slopes N NSW
680 (28.3) FOWLERS GAP AWS Far Northwest NSW
678 (28.3) LOW ROCKY POINT W Coast TAS
674 (28.1) BROKEN HILL AIRPORT AWS Lower Darling NSW
671 (28.0) MALLACOOTA E Gippsland VIC
666 (27.8) YANCO AGRICULTURAL INSTITUTE Riverina E NSW
664 (27.7) COOBER PEDY AIRPORT NW Pastoral SA
663 (27.6) TELFER AERO Interior WA
659 (27.5) WALGETT AIRPORT AWS NW Plains W NSW
654 (27.3) LOW ISLES LIGHTHOUSE N Coast--Barron QLD
653 (27.2) CARNARVON AIRPORT W Gascoyne WA
651 (27.1) HAY AIRPORT AWS Riverina W NSW
649 (27.0) COBAR AIRPORT AWS Upper Darling NSW
647 (27.0) WEST WYALONG AIRPORT AWS CW Plains S NSW
644 (26.8) COONAMBLE AIRPORT AWS CW Plains N NSW
641 (26.7) HORN ISLAND N Peninsula QLD
641 (26.7) WYNYARD AIRPORT N Coast TAS
637 (26.5) PATERSON (TOCAL AWS) Hunter Valley NSW
636 (26.5) BELLAMBI AWS Illawarra NSW
632 (26.3) NORFOLK ISLAND AERO Islands ISL
628 (26.2) BOURKE AIRPORT AWS Upper Darling NSW
627 (26.1) WALUNGURRU AIRPORT N Plateau NT
627 (26.1) TEMORA AIRPORT SW Slopes N NSW
626 (26.1) MOREE AERO NW Plains E NSW
626 (26.1) ESSENDON AIRPORT E Central VIC
624 (26.0) EILDON FIRE TOWER N Central VIC
623 (26.0) SMITHTON AERODROME N Coast TAS
619 (25.8) JERVOIS N Plateau NT
619 (25.8) TERRITORY GRAPE FARM N Plateau NT
619 (25.8) CABRAMURRA SMHEA AWS SW Slopes S NSW
618 (25.8) WHITE CLIFFS AWS Far Northwest NSW
618 (25.8) MAATSUYKER ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE Southeast TAS
616 (25.7) ERNABELLA (PUKATJA) NW Pastoral SA
615 (25.6) COOMA AIRPORT AWS Goulburn/Monaro NSW
613 (25.5) LOW HEAD N Coast TAS
605 (25.2) MOORABBIN AIRPORT E Central VIC
603 (25.1) ROMA AIRPORT Maranoa QLD
601 (25.0) KIAMA (BOMBO HEADLAND) Illawarra NSW
600 (25.0) ALICE SPRINGS AIRPORT N Plateau NT
152/20 MAATSUYKER ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE Southeast TAS
139/12 THREDBO AWS Snowy Mtns NSW
139/10 MOUNT HOTHAM Upper NE VIC
128/19 SCOTTS PEAK DAM W Coast TAS
124/04 MOUNT BULLER Upper NE VIC
122/20 KUNANYI (MOUNT WELLINGTON PINNACLE) Southeast TAS
117/13 CAPE GRIM BAPS (COMPARISON) N Coast TAS
115/18 LOW ROCKY POINT W Coast TAS
104/17 MARIA ISLAND (POINT LESUEUR) E Coast TAS
104/16 CAPE SORELL W Coast TAS
102/20 CAPE BRUNY (CAPE BRUNY) Southeast TAS
98/20 HARTZ MOUNTAIN (KEOGHS PIMPLE) Southeast TAS
94/07 MOUNT READ W Coast TAS
91/07 GABO ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE E Gippsland VIC
91/13 WILSONS PROMONTORY LIGHTHOUSE W Gippsland VIC
91/10 MOUNT MOORNAPA W Gippsland VIC
91/17 STRAHAN AERODROME W Coast TAS

Downpours High AWS wind reports
High rainfall for periods of 6 hours or less from AWS and synoptic reports. Storm force gusts (>89km/h) and 10-minute mean gales (>62km/h) reported by AWSs. Wind direction and mean windspeed are shown in brackets.
None reported None reported