Friday 14 SEP 2018
 

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2018

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National Daily Weather Summary


Records set | Charts | Cities | Hottest | Coldest | Rain, sun & wind | Downpours & gales
State extremes | Noteworthy weather | Capital Cities | Regional Cities | Alpine Stations
Charts and data courtesy Bureau of Meteorology. MTSAT-1R operated by JMA
Weather, Climate and Site News
Super Typhoon Mangkhut at sunset 14 September 2018
The darkness of approaching night is advancing from the right in this visible image of Category 5 Super Typhoon Mangkhut at 1720AEST Friday 14th. The northern Philippines island of Luzon, on which Manila is located bottom left, will see the arrival of Mangkhut around sunrise on Saturday, when it crosses the NE coast before moving west and parallel to the north coast through the day. JMA Himawari 8 processed by Weatherzone.

International 2350AEST Super Typhoon Mangkhut close to landfall. While US media presence has seen Florence grabbing most of the headlines, Typhoon Mangkhut is by far the more powerful and dangerous cyclone, and will be landing on the eastern shores of Luzon, the main northern island of the Philippines, early Saturday 15th morning AEST. The image at left shows the sun setting on Friday on the huge eye of the cyclone, which I estimate as 65km in diameter, as it churns relentlessly towards the northern tip of Luzon. The Philippine capital, Manila, is in the bottom left of the image.

This morning, NASA posted this visible light image of Mangkhut at sunrise, while this infrared image of the typhoon, showing its progress in the 8 hours up to sunrise, clearly shows its dramatic and perfectly-formed eye.

Major press today have covered preparations in the Philippines and the arrival of cyclonic weather. Among the stories are these from AFP, Reuters and Al Jazeera. Apart from winds gusting to 250km/h and torrential rain, a storm surge "that could reach four storeys high" is expected in places, a spokesman for local civil defence authorities, Michael Conag, told AFP. He added this combination "could destroy houses, especially the makeshift houses. Those are the ones most common in coastal areas."

Press estimates of the number of people at risk vary wildly, from 4 million in Fairfax Media to 10 million, sourced to "authorities", in Al Jazeera. The Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS) puts the exposed population* at a much higher 58.6 million, but that includes all countries touched by the typhoon.


Hurricane Florence at 2302AEST Friday 14th , about two hours after it made landfall just east of Wilmington, North Carolina. It is tracking WSW, parallel to the coast before turning to the W. Movement is expected to continue very slowly, before it turns N. NWS

International 2330AEST Florence makes landfall. Hurricane Florence made landfall at 2115AEST Friday (0715 Friday local time) at Wrightsville Beach, a suburb of Wilmington, North Carolina. Wilmington's population is 120,000. The barometer fell to 958hPa at Wrightsville Beach as the Category 1 hurricane passed. Reuters noted this in this 2300AEST article, saying that the National Hurricane Center (NHC) indicated sustained winds near the centre were 150km/h. 440,000 properties were without power.

NWS cautions that, despite its low category rating, Florence's sheer size and slow movement will produce "feet of rain with inland flooding and up to 13 feet of storm surge". As of now, National Weather Service (NWS) radar estimates that 100 to 300mm of rain had fallen so far in coastal areas from the South Carolina border north to Cape Hatteras. Bands of heavy rain are pushing inland and have now reached about 200km towards the Appalachian Mountains in the west of the state.

International 1600AEST Hurricane Florence close to landfall. A weakened yet still dangerous Hurricane Florence is edging very close to landfall on the southern North Carolina coast just north of Wilmington, as shown by the Newport/Moorehead radar. On the same radar, if you choose Storm Total, under Rainfall, you will see that radar-derived rainfall totals have already hit 4 to 6 inches (100 to 150mm) along the coast NE from Wilmington to Cape Hatteras, with over 10 inches (250mm) in places. The rain is pushing steadily inland toward the Appalachian Mountains to the NW. For a broader view, use the loop under Long Range Images.


Provisional records set or equalled today

None known


The day in charts
Surface charts Satellite images Rain & temperatures
4am EST Rainfall -- 24 hours to 9am

Week to 9am | SE AUS detail
10am EST Minimum temperature anomalies

See actual temperatures
4pm EST Maximum temperature anomalies

See actual temperatures
10pm EST Solar Radiation

Summary of observations

For notes on how to interpret the data and quality control issues, see Daily Weather Summary Help.
**S** and **W** precede data flagged by the Bureau as suspicious or wrong
Data is as received at 14:06EST, 15/09/2018.

Major centres
Max
° C
+/- norm
° C
Min
° C
+/- norm
° C
Grass Min
° C
Rain to 9am mm Evaporation to 9am mm Sunshine hours Wind Run to 9am km (24-hour average km/h) Maximum Gust km/h / hour of occurrence
PERTH AIRPORT 18.2 -1.9 12.2 +3.3 10.2 2.4 3.0 8.2 431 (18.0) 55/09
BUNBURY 15.6 -2.8 11.1 +2.7 -- 0.4 -- -- 437 (18.2) 46/07
MANDURAH 16.5 -2.4 13.1 +1.4 -- 0.4 -- -- 417 (17.4) 48/09
DARWIN AIRPORT 33.0 +0.4 23.0 0.0 22.4 0.0 6.8 11.0 210 ( 8.8) 30/13
ALICE SPRINGS AIRPORT 33.3 +6.1 11.8 +1.5 -- 0.0 -- -- 347 (14.5) 41/10
WHYALLA AERO 31.6 +10.1 5.9 -2.2 -- 0.0 -- -- 360 (15.0) 61/10
ADELAIDE (KENT TOWN) 27.3 +8.3 9.0 -0.7 -- 0.0 -- -- 168 ( 7.0) 46/09
MOUNT GAMBIER AERO 22.9 +7.1 6.9 +0.6 -- 0.0 -- -- 492 (20.5) 55/12
MOUNT ISA AERO 33.2 +2.0 12.5 -1.7 -- 0.0 -- -- 236 ( 9.8) 39/10
CAIRNS AERO 29.6 +1.5 19.9 +1.2 -- 0.0 -- -- 515 (21.5) 46/14
TOWNSVILLE AERO 28.3 +0.6 15.6 -1.8 -- 0.0 -- -- 377 (15.7) 48/11
MACKAY M.O 24.9 -0.3 14.6 -2.0 -- 0.0 -- -- 299 (12.5) 30/10
ROCKHAMPTON AERO 29.3 +2.0 14.5 +0.8 -- 0.0 -- -- 191 ( 8.0) 31/15
BUNDABERG AERO 27.0 +1.6 12.4 -1.3 -- 0.0 -- -- 212 ( 8.8) 34/14
COOLANGATTA 24.0 +0.8 13.4 +0.1 -- 0.0 -- -- 303 (12.6) 28/11
BRISBANE AERO 24.5 +0.3 14.0 +1.3 11.1 0.0 4.8 9.9 278 (11.6) 31/15
TOOWOOMBA AIRPORT 26.0 +3.8 12.5 +2.0 -- 0.0 -- -- 409 (17.0) 39/21
GUNNEDAH RESOURCE CENTRE 29.2 +7.8 11.8 +3.2 -- 0.0 6.2 -- -- --
PORT MACQUARIE AIRPORT AWS 24.7 +2.2 10.5 +1.1 -- 0.0 -- -- 164 ( 6.8) 48/14
WILLIAMTOWN RAAF 25.8 +4.5 14.0 +5.0 -- 0.0 -- -- 231 ( 9.6) 34/16
BATHURST AIRPORT AWS 22.8 +5.9 2.7 -1.1 -- 0.0 -- -- 149 ( 6.2) 39/15
ORANGE AIRPORT AWS 18.9 +4.1 2.1 -1.2 -- 0.0 -- -- 165 ( 6.9) 37/12
DUBBO AIRPORT AWS 27.9 +6.6 4.3 -1.9 -- 0.0 -- -- 277 (11.5) 37/14
SYDNEY AIRPORT AMO 25.1 +4.6 14.5 +4.1 12.0 0.0 3.4 8.6 302 (12.6) 46/16
RICHMOND RAAF 30.0 +7.3 11.5 +3.5 -- 0.0 -- -- 172 ( 7.2) 44/12
BELLAMBI AWS 19.3 -0.8 11.7 -0.7 -- 0.0 -- -- 252 (10.5) 35/12
CANBERRA AIRPORT 20.4 -- 2.3 -- -- 0.0 -- -- 191 ( 8.0) 46/15
WAGGA WAGGA AMO 21.6 +4.0 3.4 -1.7 -- 0.0 -- -- 192 ( 8.0) 24/13
ALBURY AIRPORT AWS 21.3 +3.3 1.9 -3.8 -- 0.0 -- -- 108 ( 4.5) 30/13
MILDURA AIRPORT 26.9 +6.5 7.2 -0.1 -- 0.0 4.8 10.1 212 ( 8.8) 44/15
TATURA INST SUSTAINABLE AG 22.6 +5.2 2.9 -2.5 -- 0.0 -- -- 181 ( 7.5) 39/12
BENDIGO AIRPORT 22.4 +5.6 1.5 -2.8 -- 0.0 -- -- 175 ( 7.3) 46/14
MELBOURNE AIRPORT 22.8 +6.2 6.5 -0.5 3.6 0.0 4.8 10.2 559 (23.3) 72/21
BALLARAT AERODROME 19.8 +5.9 5.0 +0.2 -- 0.0 -- -- 492 (20.5) 54/13
LAUNCESTON (TI TREE BEND) 17.1 +1.6 11.5 +6.3 -- 0.4 -- -- 508 (21.2) 50/12
HOBART AIRPORT 21.3 +6.0 11.9 +5.9 9.4 0.2 4.8 10.9 593 (24.7) 55/16
Max
° C
+/- norm
° C
Min
° C
+/- norm
° C
Grass Min
° C
Rain to 9am mm Evaporation to 9am mm Sunshine hours Wind Run to 9am km Maximum Gust km/h / hour of occurrence
Hottest
Highest maximum temperature>Greatest variation above normal maximum Highest minimum temperatureGreatest variation above normal minimum

38.0 OENPELLI AIRPORT N Rivers NT
38.0 BRADSHAW-ANGALLARI VALLEY (DEFENCE) N Rivers NT
38.0 FITZROY CROSSING AERO W Kimberley WA
37.9 WYNDHAM AERO N Kimberley WA
37.8 KUNUNURRA AERO E Kimberley WA
37.8 MARBLE BAR E Pilbara WA

+10.4 : 29.3 EDINBURGH RAAF Adelaide/Lofty SA
+10.2 : 35.8 COOBER PEDY AIRPORT NW Pastoral SA
+10.1 : 31.6 WHYALLA AERO W Agricultural SA
+9.7 : 28.0 ROSEDALE (TURRETFIELD RESEARCH CENTRE) Adelaide/Lofty SA
+9.6 : 28.5 PARAFIELD AIRPORT Adelaide/Lofty SA

25.6 DARWIN NTC AWS N Rivers NT
25.2 MCCLUER ISLAND N Rivers NT
25.0 HORN ISLAND N Peninsula QLD
25.0 TORRES STRAIT NTC AWS Islands ISL
24.7 CAPE WESSEL Islands ISL

+10.6 : 17.5 SINGLETON STP Hunter Valley NSW
+8.5 : 15.5 CESSNOCK AIRPORT AWS Hunter Valley NSW
+8.2 : 13.1 DOVER Southeast TAS
+7.7 : 14.6 SCONE AIRPORT AWS Hunter Valley NSW
+7.3 : 10.5 FINGAL (LEGGE STREET) E Coast TAS

Coldest
Lowest maximum temperatureGreatest variation below normal maximum Lowest minimum temperatureGreatest variation below normal minimum

5.5 MOUNT HOTHAM Upper NE VIC
6.1 FALLS CREEK Upper NE VIC
6.3 MOUNT BULLER Upper NE VIC
8.1 THREDBO AWS Snowy Mtns NSW
8.7 MOUNT READ W Coast TAS

-6.8 : 12.6 ESPERANCE Lower West WA
-6.2 : 12.7 ESPERANCE AERO Lower West WA
-6.0 : 10.4 ROCKY GULLY Lower West WA
-5.8 : 14.5 HOPETOUN NORTH Lower West WA
-5.5 : 14.3 MUNGLINUP WEST Goldfields WA
-5.5 : 14.0 RAVENSTHORPE Cent Wheatbelt WA

-2.9 COOMA VISITORS CENTRE Goulburn/Monaro NSW
-2.2 COOMA AIRPORT AWS Goulburn/Monaro NSW
-2.1 THREDBO AWS Snowy Mtns NSW
-1.5 PERISHER VALLEY AWS Snowy Mtns NSW
-1.1 COOTAMUNDRA AIRPORT SW Slopes N NSW

-8.3 : -0.6 EYRE Eucla WA
-5.7 : 5.1 MARREE AERO NE Pastoral SA
-5.4 : 2.0 RAVENSTHORPE Cent Wheatbelt WA
-5.2 : 2.9 LAKE VICTORIA STORAGE Lower Darling NSW
-5.2 : 3.9 WANAARING POST OFFICE Upper Darling NSW

Wettest
Sunniest & dullest
Windiest
Highest gusts
Todays highest rainfall totals for the 24 hours to 9am. It includes the top 5 totals nationally followed by all reported falls of 50mm or more.
Highest and lowest recordings of hours of sunshine for the 24 hours to midnight.
Highest wind run totals in kilometres for the 24 hours to 9am (average speed in brackets). All reported runs > =25km/h are shown.
Highest wind gusts in km/h for the 24 hours to midnight followed by the hour in which it occurred. All stations with gusts > 89km/h are shown.
24.6 MOUNT READ W Coast TAS
19.6 DUM IN MIRRIE AIRSTRIP N Rivers NT
16.0 MELDRUM (COOLAWARRAH) MidNorth Coast N NSW
15.2 MOUNT BARROW (SOUTH BARROW) N Coast TAS
11.0 COOPLACURRIPA MidNorth Coast S NSW

Reports not yet available

1439 (60.0) MAATSUYKER ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE Southeast TAS
1338 (55.8) LOW ROCKY POINT W Coast TAS
1273 (53.0) KUNANYI (MOUNT WELLINGTON PINNACLE) Southeast TAS
1253 (52.2) SCOTTS PEAK DAM W Coast TAS
1133 (47.2) CAPE LEEUWIN Lower West WA
1063 (44.3) CAPE SORELL W Coast TAS
981 (40.9) MOUNT READ W Coast TAS
876 (36.5) CAPE NATURALISTE Lower West WA
873 (36.4) MARIA ISLAND (POINT LESUEUR) E Coast TAS
858 (35.8) WILLIS ISLAND Islands ISL
847 (35.3) STRAHAN AERODROME W Coast TAS
827 (34.5) CAPE WILLOUGHBY Yorke Pen/Kanga Is SA
817 (34.0) CAPE GRIM N Coast TAS
802 (33.4) TASMAN ISLAND Southeast TAS
788 (32.8) LOW HEAD N Coast TAS
784 (32.7) LARAPUNA (EDDYSTONE POINT) E Coast TAS
780 (32.5) LAUNCESTON AIRPORT N Coast TAS
780 (32.5) CRESSY RESEARCH STATION N Coast TAS
777 (32.4) WALLAN (KILMORE GAP) N Central VIC
769 (32.0) HARTZ MOUNTAIN (KEOGHS PIMPLE) Southeast TAS
763 (31.8) CAPE FLATTERY N Coast--Barron QLD
762 (31.8) CARNARVON AIRPORT W Gascoyne WA
752 (31.3) ROTTNEST ISLAND Lower West WA
741 (30.9) CAPE GRIM BAPS (COMPARISON) N Coast TAS
729 (30.4) GRAMPIANS (MOUNT WILLIAM) Wimmera S VIC
716 (29.8) LOW ISLES LIGHTHOUSE N Coast--Barron QLD
707 (29.5) COLAC (MOUNT GELLIBRAND) W Coast VIC
696 (29.0) SWAN ISLAND E Coast TAS
687 (28.6) KING ISLAND AIRPORT King Island TAS
673 (28.0) DEVONPORT AIRPORT N Coast TAS
673 (28.0) TUNNACK FIRE STATION Southeast TAS
664 (27.7) LUNCHEON HILL (FORESTRY) N Coast TAS
662 (27.6) ALBANY AIRPORT Lower West WA
662 (27.6) HORN ISLAND N Peninsula QLD
654 (27.3) HAMILTON ISLAND AIRPORT Central Coast E QLD
652 (27.2) GARDEN ISLAND HSF Lower West WA
649 (27.0) LIAWENEE Central Plateau TAS
644 (26.8) CAPE WESSEL Islands ISL
616 (25.7) CAPE NELSON LIGHTHOUSE W Coast VIC
603 (25.1) HOGAN ISLAND Islands ISL
113/13 MAATSUYKER ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE Southeast TAS
106/02 SCOTTS PEAK DAM W Coast TAS
100/22 GRAMPIANS (MOUNT WILLIAM) Wimmera S VIC
94/03 KUNANYI (MOUNT WELLINGTON PINNACLE) Southeast TAS
91/21 THREDBO AWS Snowy Mtns NSW
91/08 LOW ROCKY POINT W Coast TAS

Downpours High AWS wind reports
High rainfall for periods of 6 hours or less from AWS and synoptic reports. Storm force gusts (>89km/h) and 10-minute mean gales (>62km/h) reported by AWSs. Wind direction and mean windspeed are shown in brackets.
NORTHERN TERRITORY
N Rivers
DUM IN MIRRIE AIRSTRIP
18.2mm in 30 min to 05:00 36.4mm/h
18.2mm in 1 hr to 05:00 18.2mm/h
19.4mm in 1 hr to 05:30 19.4mm/h
19.0mm in 3 hr to 06:30 6.3mm/h

SOUTH AUSTRALIA
W Agricultural
NEPTUNE ISLAND : 106(270/ 76 ) at 22:47
NEW SOUTH WALES
Snowy Mtns
THREDBO AWS : 89(310/ 78 ) at 21:00
VICTORIA
Wimmera S
GRAMPIANS (MOUNT WILLIAM) : 100(340/ 65 ) at 22:00
TASMANIA
Southeast
MAATSUYKER ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE : 109(***/ 85 ) at 13:00
KUNANYI (MOUNT WELLINGTON PINNACLE) : 89(330/ 67 ) at 03:00
TASMAN ISLAND : 89(320/ 63 ) at 05:30
W Coast
LOW ROCKY POINT : 85(330/ 67 ) at 01:00
SCOTTS PEAK DAM : 106(330/ 85 ) at 02:09