Saturday 24 APR 2004

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2004

Dec

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Best rain in 6 years brings flooding to Gippsland VIC
Snow falls in VIC, NE TAS
Heavy rain on North QLD Coast

This unusual sequence of charts, 6-hourly from 10pm on Thursday to 4pm Sunday, shows the development of the secondary low off the East Gippsland Coast late Friday morning. The low became nearly stationary for 48 hours before moving away to the east on Sunday afternoon. A band of moisture and instability circled around the southern side of the low, giving the most intense rain to the Sale/Bairnsdale area. The animation pauses at 4am today when rain was at its most intense. But this is an unusual chart in other respects for it features two secondary lows, the other to the west of Perth, both at nearly an identical phase in their development. Unusually for an Australian weather chart, both lows are depicted with a warm sector, marked by the warm fronts advancing on Tasmania in the east and to the SW of Perth in the west. In both cases, the frontal zone extends SE to the parent low, the one from the East Gippsland low marked as stationary. Both secondaries occluded over the next 24 hours as the cool and warm air masses mixed, though the Bureau analyst has held back from showing occluded fronts, being content with showing weakening cold fronts. BoM
Rainfall for the week ended 9am Sunday 25 April. All of the rain shown for VIC fell during the frontal/secondary passage over the 3 days to Sunday. BoM
Rain gaugings for the 24 hours to 9am today. The heaviest totals are where the moist air returning around the Low hit the coast and extended into the adjacent Latrobe Valley west of Sale. BoM

Best rain in 6 years brings flooding to Gippsland VIC

The heaviest general rain since 1998 fell in Gippsland overnight and today. Local flooding occurred, but dry catchments meant that main river flooding was minor and brief. Several locations set new April daily rainfall records as 100 to 200mm was recorded at a number of places in East and West Gippsland.

The colour-coded rainfall registrations in for the 24 hours to 9 this morning show an unusually even gradation across VIC. This reflects the synoptic situation in which the rainband associated with a developing secondary low slowed down as it moved east, finally grinding to a halt to the SE of Sale and Bairnsdale overnight. Bairnsdale Airport received 75 of its record 103.2mm 24 hour total between midnight and 9am. In the same 9 hours, Mt Moornapa, 40km north of Sale, received 90mm. Dozens of locations, from Warburton east to Bairnsdale and north to Mt Buller, recorded over 50mm at the 9am daily reading, with the highest 154mm at Lindenow, 12km WNW of Bairnsdale.

A very long-standing rainfall record was broken at Omeo, where the 24 hour total of 51.8mm was the highest April daily fall in 125 years. East Sale RAAF's 105.8 was its highest April total in 61 years.

Rain continued around Sale and Bairnsdale and in the mountains to the north during the day but eased late afternoon. Highest official totals for the week to 9am Sunday , all of which fell during the last 72 hours, were:

198.2 MT BAW BAW
166.4 BULLUMWAAL
159.6 MT MOORNAPA
154 LINDENOW
150.8 BAIRNSDALE (MITCHELL RIVER @ ROSEHILL)
137 BAIRNSDALE AIRPORT
125 EAST SALE COMPARISON
123.6 EAST SALE AIRPORT
110 REEVES KNOB
102.4 MOUNT TAMBORITHA

Minor flooding occurred in the lower Mitchell, with the river at Bairnsdale peaking at 4.8m this evening, 0.8m above minor level. The Tanjil River was above minor level at Tanjil Junction, north of Moe, from around midday today to early Sunday morning, but the low level of Blue Rock Dam prevented flooding around Tanjil South. Elsewhere, peaks were below minor flood level. Floodwaters across the main Princes Highway between Bairnsdale and Sale hampered but did not stop traffic.

Snow falls in VIC, NE TAS

Cold air coupled with the precipitation gave heavy snow in the VIC Alps. ABC Radio reported 30cm of snow at Mt Hotham, 25cm at nearby Dinner Plain and "similar amounts" at Mt Buller. Moist but cold air swinging around the southern side of the low gave snow to the NE TAS Highlands. A Ben Lomond hotel proprietory told ABC Radio that 5cm of snow had fallen overnight. Strong winds accompanied the rain in TAS during the morning, with Eddystone Point reporting a top gust of 109km/h at 4am and Devonport Airport reporting a gust of 87km/h shortly before 10am.

Heavy rain on North QLD Coast

Moderate to heavy rain fell on the QLD North Coast from Cairns to south of Townsville from late this morning to early Sunday morning. Raingauges in the Tully and Innisfail areas recorded the highest totals of 100 to over 200mm in the 24 hours to 9am Sunday, with the heaviest rain falling between noon and midnight today. Bulgun Creek flood alert gauge in the Tully River catchment recorded 206mm in the 24 hours to 9am Sunday, of which 155 fell between noon and midnight. Other heavy 24 hour totals to 9am Sunday were Daradgee 6km NW of Innisfail 163.4mm, Tully town 140.0 and Innisfail 122.4. Farther south, Ingham recorded 68 and Townsville 38. The rain developed as a moist onshore flow interacted with instability produced by a tongue of upper cold air extending up the QLD coast. In situations such as these, the uplift provided by mountains that rise to over 1,500m immediately behind the coast from Cairns south to Cardwell are an even greater factor in producing the rain than the general meteorological situation. Mt Bartle Frere, Queensland's highest peak, rises to 1,611m 25km NW of Innisfail.

National weather extremes for today

Data provided by the Bureau of Meteorology

Records set this day (previous record and years of computerised record shown in brackets):
Highest daily rainfall for April
Victoria
083025 OMEO 51.8 (49.0, 125)
085072 EAST SALE AIRPORT 105.8 (96.4, 61)
085279 BAIRNSDALE AIRPORT 103.2 (66.6, 20)

Quality control note: Data is final. It includes late-received rainfall data and has been subject to BoM quality control checks.
Data is as received at 22:17EST, 27/10/2004.

Weather observations for today
Noteworthy  Weather         Capital  Cities         Regional  Cities       Alpine  Stations
Bureau of Meteorology Rainfall Bulletins and Weather Notes

Hottest
Highest maximum temperature>Greatest variation above normal maximum Highest minimum temperatureGreatest variation above normal minimum

37.9 MARDIE W Pilbara WA
37.5 BIDYADANGA W Kimberley WA
37.4 NYANG STATION W Gascoyne WA
37.3 PORT HEDLAND AIRPORT E Pilbara WA
37.1 PARDOO STATION E Pilbara WA

+7.7   34.0 JURIEN BAY Lower West WA
+7.2   36.2 CARNARVON AIRPORT W Gascoyne WA
+6.8   36.1 KALBARRI Central West WA
+6.6   35.1 DENHAM W Gascoyne WA
+6.5   31.8 LANCELIN Lower West WA

27.8 TROUGHTON ISLAND N Kimberley WA
27.3 VARANUS ISLAND Islands ISL
27.0 NORTHERN ENDEAVOUR Islands ISL
26.8 COCONUT ISLAND N Peninsula QLD
26.7 COCOS ISLAND AIRPORT Islands ISL

+8.1   19.5 MITCHELL POST OFFICE Maranoa QLD
+7.9   24.2 KALBARRI Central West WA
+7.7   23.1 GERALDTON AIRPORT Central West WA
+6.7   22.5 ISISFORD POST OFFICE Central West QLD
+6.3   20.0 MORAWA Central West WA

Coldest
Lowest maximum temperatureGreatest variation below normal maximum Lowest minimum temperatureGreatest variation below normal minimum

1.0 MOUNT BULLER Upper NE VIC
1.2 FALLS CREEK Upper NE VIC
2.5 THREDBO AWS Snowy Mtns NSW
3.0 MT BAW BAW W Gippsland VIC
3.1 MT HOTHAM Upper NE VIC

-9.7   10.1 TUMBARUMBA POST OFFICE SW Slopes S NSW
-9.1   12.0 YASS (LINTON HOSTEL) Goulburn/Monaro NSW
-9.0   1.0 MOUNT BULLER Upper NE VIC
-8.6   13.0 CORRYONG (PARISH LANE) Lower NE VIC
-8.6   10.1 STRATHBOGIE Lower NE VIC
-8.6   10.0 NOOJEE (SLIVAR) W Gippsland VIC

-2.4 THREDBO AWS Snowy Mtns NSW
-2.3 MT HOTHAM Upper NE VIC
-2.0 CHARLOTTE PASS (KOSCIUSKO CHALET) Snowy Mtns NSW
-1.5 FALLS CREEK Upper NE VIC
-1.0 MOUNT BULLER Upper NE VIC
-1.0 MOUNT WELLINGTON Southeast TAS

-7.3   1.9 KEITH Mallee/Upper SE SA
-6.4   4.9 BROKEN HILL AIRPORT AWS Lower Darling NSW
-6.3   5.4 BROKEN HILL (PATTON STREET) Lower Darling NSW
-6.3   5.8 PEAK HILL POST OFFICE CW Plains S NSW
-6.1   2.8 LAMEROO Mallee/Upper SE SA
-6.1   1.1 ORANGE AGRICULTURAL INSTITUTE C Tablelands S NSW

Wettest Major City Extremes
Todays highest rainfall totals for the 24 hours to 9am. It includes the top 5 totals nationally followed by all reported falls of 50mm or more.

154.0 LINDENOW W Gippsland VIC
139.6 MITCHELL RIVER @ GLENALADALE W Gippsland VIC
130.0 MT MOORNAPA W Gippsland VIC
123.8 MEERLIEU (SPRINGVALE) W Gippsland VIC
120.2 BAIRNSDALE (MITCHELL RIVER @ ROSEHILL) E Gippsland VIC

QUEENSLAND
    N Coast--Herbert
50.0 RUSSELL RIVER

VICTORIA
    Lower NE
102.0 TOLMIE (MOUNT TABLETOP REPEATER)
52.2 UPLANDS (GIBBO RIVER PARK)
    Upper NE
55.2 BENAMBRA (THE BROTHERS)
54.0 MOUNT BULLER
54.0 BENAMBRA (EVANDALE)
51.8 OMEO COMPARISON
    E Gippsland
120.2 BAIRNSDALE (MITCHELL RIVER @ ROSEHILL)
102.6 BULLUMWAAL
87.4 WONNAGATTA RIVER @ WATERFORD
67.0 SARSFIELD EAST
64.0 DARGO
58.8 NICHOLSON WINERY
58.0 SWAN REACH (SUNNYBANK)
53.6 NICHOLSON (YENDALOCK)
50.0 NOWA NOWA
    W Gippsland
154.0 LINDENOW
139.6 MITCHELL RIVER @ GLENALADALE
130.0 MT MOORNAPA
123.8 MEERLIEU (SPRINGVALE)
113.0 MT BAW BAW
110.0 SEASPRAY (BURONG)
108.8 EAST SALE AIRPORT
107.0 CLYDEBANK
103.4 EAST SALE COMPARISON
103.2 BAIRNSDALE AIRPORT
102.0 STRATFORD
96.2 DARRIMAN (TARRALANGI)
95.2 BRIAGOLONG
94.8 VESPER
94.0 GIFFARD
90.0 ERICA (PARKERS CORNER)
89.6 ERICA
89.0 MAFFRA
85.8 TRARALGON CREEK (BALOOK)
84.4 REEVES KNOB
80.0 VALENCIA CREEK (LITTLE PLAIN)
77.4 LE ROY (TAYLORS RD QUARRY)
77.2 MOUNT TAMBORITHA
77.0 WON WRON PRISON
74.8 ERICA (PHILIPS BRIDGE)
74.0 EAST TARWIN (MIRBOO PASTORAL COMPANY)
73.1 CALLIGNEE NORTH
72.0 BOOLARRA SOUTH
69.8 MOUNT BEST (UPPER TOORA)
69.0 NOOJEE (SLIVAR)
67.6 NOOJEE FORESTRY
66.2 KORUMBURRA
65.0 TRARALGON CREEK (MOUNT HOOGHLY)
64.0 MURDERERS HILL
63.2 KOORNALLA TRARALGON CK RD
60.4 MIRBOO NORTH WATER BOARD
60.2 MADALYA
59.6 MOUNT USEFUL
57.8 GLENMAGGIE WEIR
57.0 ROSEDALE
57.0 WELSHPOOL
56.4 BOOLARRA (AMY COURT)
56.0 JINDIVICK (POST OFFICE)
53.0 NEERIM SOUTH (TARAGO RESERVOIR)
51.0 HALLSTON
50.6 WILLOW GROVE
50.0 TRAFALGAR
    E Central
85.4 CORANDERRK BADGER WEIR
80.4 WARBURTON
74.5 WARBURTON EAST (ARRABRI)
74.2 GLADYSDALE
64.6 MAROONDAH WEIR (MELBOURNE WATER)
61.2 UPPER YARRA DAM
57.2 KINGLAKE WEST
55.6 UPPER PLENTY
51.2 MONBULK (BULB FARM)
51.2 TOOROURRONG RESERVOIR (TOOROURRONG)
50.6 EPPING
    N Central
65.4 KINGLAKE WEST (WALLABY CREEK)

  Max+/- norm Min+/- normRain to 9am
BROOME AIRPORT 35.2 +0.9 20.5 -2.0 0.0
PERTH AIRPORT 30.2 +4.7 17.5 +4.5 0.0
ALBANY AIRPORT 24.8 +2.9 9.1 -2.6 0.0
KALGOORLIE-BOULDER AIRPORT 24.6 -0.5 10.6 -2.0 0.0
DARWIN AIRPORT 34.6 +1.9 23.8 -0.2 0.0
ALICE SPRINGS AIRPORT 24.9 -3.1 9.8 -2.7 0.0
ADELAIDE (KENT TOWN) 16.7 -5.7 9.2 -3.0 0.0
MOUNT GAMBIER AERO 14.8 -4.6 7.3 -1.3 1.2
CAIRNS AERO 25.4 -3.8 22.4 +0.8 2.2
TOWNSVILLE AERO 29.3 -0.3 22.5 +2.0 0.0
ROCKHAMPTON AERO 30.8 +2.1 19.5 +1.7 0.0
AMBERLEY AMO 29.3 +2.2 11.8 -2.3 0.0
BRISBANE AERO 26.8 15.0 0.0
ARMIDALE AIRPORT AWS 23.4 11.0 0.6
COFFS HARBOUR MO 30.4 +6.4 15.3 +0.1 0.0
NEWCASTLE NOBBYS SIGNAL STATION AWS 23.7 +0.9 16.4 +1.1 0.0
SYDNEY (OBSERVATORY HILL) 23.2 +0.9 13.8 -0.8 0.0
PROSPECT DAM 23.1 -0.4 9.4 -3.7 0.0
WOLLONGONG UNIVERSITY 20.8 -1.7 9.4 -4.9 0.0
CANBERRA AIRPORT 11.4 -8.4 6.7 +0.1 0.0
WAGGA WAGGA AMO 15.7 -6.6 6.9 -2.3 1.0
MILDURA AIRPORT 18.0 -5.4 5.0 -5.1 0.0
EAST SALE AIRPORT 12.5 -7.7 10.8 +2.2 108.8
MELBOURNE REGIONAL OFFICE 14.8 -5.4 11.1 +0.4 22.8
LAVERTON RAAF 16.1 -4.0 10.3 +0.5 11.4
BALLARAT AERODROME 12.0 -5.5 6.0 -1.4 7.4
LAUNCESTON AIRPORT 11.1 -6.2 7.9 +1.3 23.2
HOBART (ELLERSLIE ROAD) 11.7 -5.6 9.1 +0.2 13.2

Downpours Gales & Gusts
High rainfall for periods of 6 hours or less. Highest wind gusts above 89km/h (storm force) or mean wind above 62km/h (gale force). Wind direction and mean windspeed shown in brackets.
QUEENSLAND
    N Coast--Herbert
SOUTH JOHNSTONE EXP STN
11.2mm in 1 hr to 11:00 11.2mm/h
12.2mm in 1 hr to 12:00 12.2mm/h
25.0mm in 3 hr to 12:00 8.3mm/h
10.0mm in 1 hr to 15:00 10.0mm/h
17.0mm in 3 hr to 18:00 5.7mm/h
18.6mm in 1 hr to 20:00 18.6mm/h
11.0mm in 1 hr to 21:00 11.0mm/h
33.0mm in 3 hr to 21:00 11.0mm/h
16.6mm in 1 hr to 23:00 16.6mm/h
INGHAM COMPOSITE
36.0mm in 6 hr to 21:00 6.0mm/h
VICTORIA
    Lower NE
HUNTERS HILL
15.0mm in 3 hr to 06:00 5.0mm/h
    Upper NE
MT HOTHAM AIRPORT
15.0mm in 3 hr to 12:00 5.0mm/h
    E Gippsland
MT NOWA NOWA
10.2mm in 1 hr to 12:30 10.2mm/h
11.2mm in 1 hr to 13:00 11.2mm/h
11.8mm in 1 hr to 13:30 11.8mm/h
10.2mm in 1 hr to 14:00 10.2mm/h
28.0mm in 3 hr to 15:00 9.3mm/h
ORBOST
16.0mm in 3 hr to 15:00 5.3mm/h
12.4mm in 1 hr to 16:00 12.4mm/h
14.2mm in 30 min to 17:00 28.4mm/h
15.8mm in 1 hr to 17:00 15.8mm/h
20.4mm in 1 hr to 17:30 20.4mm/h
37.0mm in 3 hr to 18:00 12.3mm/h
    W Gippsland
EAST SALE AIRPORT
10.0mm in 1 hr to 04:30 10.0mm/h
50.0mm in 6 hr to 06:00 8.3mm/h
23.0mm in 3 hr to 09:00 7.7mm/h
BAIRNSDALE AIRPORT
11.6mm in 1 hr to 01:30 11.6mm/h
14.6mm in 1 hr to 02:00 14.6mm/h
8.8mm in 33 min to 02:57 16.0mm/h
34.0mm in 3 hr to 03:00 11.3mm/h
20.0mm in 3 hr to 06:00 6.7mm/h
11.2mm in 1 hr to 07:00 11.2mm/h
21.0mm in 3 hr to 09:00 7.0mm/h
16.0mm in 3 hr to 12:00 5.3mm/h
MT BAW BAW
15.0mm in 3 hr to 00:00 5.0mm/h
20.0mm in 3 hr to 03:00 6.7mm/h
20.0mm in 3 hr to 06:00 6.7mm/h
18.0mm in 3 hr to 09:00 6.0mm/h
22.0mm in 3 hr to 12:00 7.3mm/h
24.0mm in 3 hr to 15:00 8.0mm/h
MT MOORNAPA
10.0mm in 1 hr to 01:00 10.0mm/h
11.8mm in 1 hr to 02:00 11.8mm/h
11.4mm in 1 hr to 03:00 11.4mm/h
33.0mm in 3 hr to 03:00 11.0mm/h
11.4mm in 1 hr to 03:30 11.4mm/h
10.4mm in 1 hr to 04:00 10.4mm/h
10.0mm in 1 hr to 04:30 10.0mm/h
29.0mm in 3 hr to 06:00 9.7mm/h
10.0mm in 1 hr to 06:30 10.0mm/h
10.8mm in 1 hr to 07:00 10.8mm/h
10.0mm in 1 hr to 07:30 10.0mm/h
28.0mm in 3 hr to 09:00 9.3mm/h
    E Central
MELBOURNE REGIONAL OFFICE
19.2mm in 30 min to 19:00 38.4mm/h
19.2mm in 1 hr to 19:00 19.2mm/h
DUNNS HILL
10.0mm in 1 hr to 00:00 10.0mm/h
20.0mm in 3 hr to 00:00 6.7mm/h
TASMANIA
    Southeast
HOBART (ELLERSLIE ROAD)
10.6mm in 30 min to 19:00 21.2mm/h
10.6mm in 1 hr to 19:00 10.6mm/h

VICTORIA
    Upper NE
FALLS CREEK : 98(200/ 80 ) at 09:30
    W Gippsland
WILSONS PROMONTORY LIGHTHOUSE : 69(240/ 63 ) at 22:57
KINGFISH B SHIP LOG 272 : 128(167/102 ) at 03:20
    Western Plains
LOOKOUT HILL : 98(190/ 54 ) at 06:46
TASMANIA
    N Coast
DEVONPORT AIRPORT : 87(150/ 65 ) at 09:48
CAPE GRIM BAPS : 80(180/ 63 ) at 00:00
    E Coast
EDDYSTONE POINT : 109(170/ 85 ) at 04:00
SWAN ISLAND : 102(160/ 76 ) at 02:30
ISLANDS
    Islands
HOGAN ISLAND : 102(160/ 80 ) at 06:00