Tuesday 30 DEC 2003

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2003

Dec

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January

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Heat in SE Australia gives Melbourne hottest December in a century
Fires, storms in VIC
Heavy rain in WA, NT, QLD
Easing drought brings locust swarms to QLD, NSW

Minimum (above) and maximum (below) temperature departures from normal today. BoM

Heat in SE Australia gives Melbourne hottest December in a century

After a warm and muggy night across much of SA, NSW, VIC and TAS, today was another scorcher with VIC feeling the greatest heat relative to normal. Much of the state, including Melbourne, reported top temperatures between 39 and 41C, which in coastal areas and around Melbourne were up to 18 above average. Avalon Airport, 20km NE of Geelong, was the hottest spot in the state with a top of 42.1, while nearby Laverton RAAF Base recorded 41.7, 17.7 above normal. Other high maxima were Essendon Airport 41.0, Orbost 40.4 and Bairnsdale 40.2, all around 17 above. Central Melbourne reached 40.3, 15 above.

The day helped Melbourne's official central city weather station to a new monthly minimum temperature record. Melbourne's average minimum temperature for December 2003 finished up at 15.9, the highest in 148 years of record. The previous record was 15.5 in 1994 and the normal is 13.7. The average maximum temperature for the month of 27.2 (normal 24.1) is the second highest on record, exceeded only by 27.3 in 1873.

Adelaide also recorded unusual December heat, with the city's average maximum temperature of 29.0 the highest in 50 years, and the average minimum of 16.9 the highest in 28 years.

In TAS, Hobart City registered a top of 35.8 today, 15.6 up on the average, while Swansea in the state's NE topscored with 36.6. SA experienced an exceptionally hot night, with minimum temperatures in the Central North and Northeast districts 10 to 13 up on normal. Marree Airport recorded a low of 32.7 while the Marree Town thermometer went on to record the state's highest maximum today at 44.1. Over the border in NSW, Broken Hill's minimum was 29.0 and the highest state maximum was 45.4 at Menindee.

Fires, storms in VIC

Two bushfires occurred in VIC today in occasionally fresh and gusty hot NW winds,, both believed to have been started by harvesting equipment. One burnt out 100 hectares of grass and scrub at Smeaton near Daylesford in central VIC, while a second north of Horsham in the state's west burnt out 81ha of grassland.

An isolated but energetic thunderstorm caused mayhem in Bendigo between about 7.30 and 8.30pm. Wind, which gusted to 91km/h at the airport, brought down at least 5 trees on busy main roads. The SES was called to about 35 jobs, of which half a dozen were trees on houses and the rest were trees and powerlines on driveways or roads. 1,620 homes were blacked out in Bendigo, White Hills and Epsom. 22mm was recorded in one hour at the airport during the storm, while north of Kyneton, 60km SSE of Bendigo, heavy rain caused flash flooding and strong winds brought tree damage. A detailed report is available on Australian Sky & Weather.

Heavy rain in WA, NT, QLD

Heavy rain and thunderstorms formed a prelude to a developing monsoon across the far north of WA, NT and QLD overnight and today. Of several heavy totals for the 24 hours to 9am in the North and East Kimberley of WA, Ord River Dam's 171mm was by far the highest. In the NT, overnight thunderstorms produced some downpours, including 63.6mm in 2 hours to 3am at Ngayawili, 130km west of Gove. A flood alert remains in force for most rivers in Top End. In QLD, totals of 50 to 100mm to 9am were again widespread on the coast from Townsville north to Cooktown and inland to the Gulf Country. Cooktown topscored with 150.2mm.

Easing drought brings locust swarms to QLD, NSW

A farmer's lot is seldom a happy one. While recent rain has eased drought conditions across much of inland QLD and NSW, the Australian Plague Locust Commission is warning of imminent swarms in both states. There have been sightings of Australian plague locust hatchlings around Tambo and Morven in central QLD as well as in the Blackall and Roma regions of the state. The Commission also reports massings of the same breed of locust through much of northern NSW. Aerial spraying of insecticides will begin soon, with bands of nymphs likely to take to the air in the next few weeks, and the Commission is warning that the Central Western Slopes and Plains of NSW could be the worst affected as the nymphs migrate south and mature into adults. A one-kilometre swarm of adult locusts can eat up to 10 tonnes of vegetation per day.

News sources: AAP, Advertiser (Bendigo)

National weather extremes for today

Data provided by the Bureau of Meteorology

Records set this day (previous record and years of computerised record shown in brackets):
Highest daily rainfall for December
Western Australia:
002044 ORD RIVER DAM 171.0 (84.0, 35)
Northern Territory:
014847 KIDMAN SPRINGS 106.8 (102.8, 34)

Quality control note: Data is final. It includes late-received rainfall data and has been subject to BoM quality control checks.
Data is as received at 13:38EST, 03/03/2004.

Weather observations for today
Noteworthy  Weather         Capital  Cities         Regional  Cities       Alpine  Stations
Bureau of Meteorology Rainfall Bulletins and Weather Notes

Hottest
Highest maximum temperature>Greatest variation above normal maximum Highest minimum temperatureGreatest variation above normal minimum

45.6 PANNAWONICA W Pilbara WA
45.4 MENINDEE POST OFFICE Lower Darling NSW
45.0 WITTENOOM W Pilbara WA
44.7 MARDIE W Pilbara WA
44.5 ONSLOW W Pilbara WA
44.5 ONSLOW AIRPORT W Pilbara WA
44.5 POONCARIE TELECENTRE Lower Darling NSW

+17.7   39.4 LAKES ENTRANCE E Gippsland VIC
+17.7   41.3 LAVERTON RAAF W Central VIC
+17.0   41.0 ESSENDON AIRPORT E Central VIC
+16.9   40.4 ORBOST (COMPARISON) E Gippsland VIC
+16.9   40.2 BAIRNSDALE AIRPORT W Gippsland VIC

32.7 MARREE AERO NE Pastoral SA
32.3 MARREE NE Pastoral SA
32.0 THARGOMINDAH AIRPORT Far SW QLD
31.3 OODNADATTA AIRPORT NE Pastoral SA
31.3 LEIGH CREEK AIRPORT NE Pastoral SA

+13.0   24.7 KEITH Mallee/Upper SE SA
+12.9   32.3 MARREE NE Pastoral SA
+12.9   24.6 SCORESBY RESEARCH INSTITUTE E Central VIC
+12.8   28.7 HAWKER Upper North SA
+12.7   31.3 LEIGH CREEK AIRPORT NE Pastoral SA

Coldest
Lowest maximum temperatureGreatest variation below normal maximum Lowest minimum temperatureGreatest variation below normal minimum

19.0 NEPTUNE ISLAND W Agricultural SA
20.6 THREDBO AWS Snowy Mtns NSW
21.0 CAPE LEEUWIN Lower West WA
21.0 MOUNT READ W Coast TAS
21.3 MT HOTHAM Upper NE VIC

-5.7   32.7 BRUNETTE DOWNS N Plateau NT
-5.3   29.3 CENTRE ISLAND N Rivers NT
-5.3   30.2 BURKETOWN POST OFFICE Gulf Country QLD
-5.2   33.5 ELLIOTT N Plateau NT
-5.1   31.6 WOLLOGORANG N Rivers NT

4.0 THREDBO VILLAGE Snowy Mtns NSW
5.6 KELLERBERRIN Cent Wheatbelt WA
7.7 LAKE ST CLAIR NATIONAL PARK Central Plateau TAS
7.8 FINGAL (LEGGE STREET) E Coast TAS
7.9 MAYDENA POST OFFICE Derwent Valley TAS

-9.5   5.6 KELLERBERRIN Cent Wheatbelt WA
-4.9   9.2 EYRE Eucla WA
-4.9   13.2 UNIVERSITY OF QUEENSLAND GATTON Brisbane/SE Coast QLD
-4.8   15.7 MURCHISON W Gascoyne WA
-4.8   14.6 BRIAN PASTURES Brisbane/SE Coast QLD
-4.8   13.0 BALLINA AIRPORT AWS North Coast NSW

Wettest Major City Extremes
Todays highest rainfall totals for the 24 hours to 9am. It includes the top 5 totals nationally followed by all reported falls of 50mm or more.

171.0 ORD RIVER DAM E Kimberley WA
152.2 COOKTOWN MISSION STRIP N Coast--Barron QLD
150.2 COOKTOWN AIRPORT N Coast--Barron QLD
130.2 WHITE CLIFF POINT N Coast--Barron QLD
106.8 KIDMAN SPRINGS N Rivers NT

WESTERN AUSTRALIA
    N Kimberley
66.4 WYNDHAM AERO
62.5 WYNDHAM
50.2 PARRY CREEK FARM
    E Kimberley
171.0 ORD RIVER DAM
85.0 KACHANA
52.0 SPRING CREEK

NORTHERN TERRITORY
    N Rivers
106.8 KIDMAN SPRINGS
85.4 GALIWINKU
81.0 NGAYAWILI
75.0 CHANNEL POINT
66.0 POINT STUART
63.0 JINDARE
62.0 WATERLOO
59.0 KALALA
55.4 PELL AIRSTRIP
52.0 EAST ARM

QUEENSLAND
    N Peninsula
99.2 COCONUT ISLAND
68.0 PUNSAND BAY
65.2 HORN ISLAND
    S Peninsula
95.0 GAMBOOLA STATION
51.0 LAURA POST OFFICE
    Gulf Country
75.6 VANROOK STATION
60.0 NORMANTON AIRPORT
50.5 AUGUSTUS DOWNS STATION
    N Coast--Barron
152.2 COOKTOWN MISSION STRIP
150.2 COOKTOWN AIRPORT
130.2 WHITE CLIFF POINT
106.0 HAZELMERE
105.0 BABINDA SUGAR MILL
102.0 BUTCHER HILL STATION
102.0 HAPPY VALLEY
101.0 BARTLE VIEW ALERT
96.0 BABINDA POST OFFICE
95.0 KOOMBOOLOOMBA DAM
94.2 HOPE VALE
94.0 TOPAZ ALERT
94.0 TOPAZ
73.0 GRAHAM RANGE
69.0 KURANDA RAILWAY STATION
68.0 DAINTREE VILLAGE
65.4 WHYANBEEL VALLEY
63.0 GREENHAVEN
62.0 MT SOPHIA
57.0 KURANDA HILLTOP
57.0 TREE HOUSE CREEK
56.0 TOPAZ TOWALLA RD
53.0 COPPERLODE DAM ALERT
50.0 PORT DOUGLAS - FOUR MILE BEACH
50.0 DEERAL
    N Coast--Herbert
91.0 SOUTH JOHNSTONE EXP STN
85.0 TUNG OIL ALERT
83.0 MARCO STREET ALERT
83.0 TUNG OIL TM
78.0 MENAVALE ALERT
75.0 CORSIS ALERT
68.0 JAPOONVALE WARRAKIN RD
63.0 CRAWFORDS LOOKOUT ALERT
60.0 TULLY MCQUILLEN ST
59.0 TULLY TM
57.4 TULLY SUGAR MILL
57.0 RUSSELL RIVER
54.0 WALLAMAN ALERT
53.7 CARDWELL EDEN ST
52.0 MOURILYAN HARBOUR
50.4 UPPER STONE EXELBY
    Central Coast E
50.0 ORKABIE WEST HILL

  Max+/- norm Min+/- normRain to 9am
BROOME AIRPORT 32.1 -1.7 27.3 +0.9 0.0
ALBANY AIRPORT 23.2 0.0 15.4 +2.9 1.2
PERTH AIRPORT 25.7 -3.1 18.5 +3.7 0.2
KALGOORLIE-BOULDER AIRPORT 35.3 +3.4 18.6 +2.1 0.0
DARWIN AIRPORT 31.2 -1.3 24.4 -0.9 3.0
ALICE SPRINGS AIRPORT 39.2 +3.9 23.5 +3.4 0.0
ADELAIDE (KENT TOWN) 31.5 +4.8 23.7 +8.3 0.4
MOUNT GAMBIER AERO 30.5 +7.8 17.7 +7.9 0.0
CAIRNS AERO 30.6 -0.7 23.5 +0.2 32.8
TOWNSVILLE AERO 31.9 +0.5 24.0 0.0 14.6
ROCKHAMPTON AERO 30.6 -1.5 18.9 -2.2 0.0
AMBERLEY AMO 29.1 -1.8 13.8 -4.6 0.0
BRISBANE AERO 27.2 16.6 0.0
ARMIDALE AIRPORT AWS 28.1 11.1 0.0
COFFS HARBOUR MO 26.6 +0.3 15.8 -2.3 0.0
NEWCASTLE NOBBYS SIGNAL STATION AWS 24.9 0.0 18.7 +0.7 0.0
SYDNEY (OBSERVATORY HILL) 27.2 +2.1 18.5 +1.0 0.0
PROSPECT DAM 32.8 +5.5 15.6 -0.7 0.0
WOLLONGONG UNIVERSITY 28.0 +3.0 17.9 +1.4 0.0
CANBERRA AIRPORT 34.7 +8.6 12.5 +1.3 0.0
WAGGA WAGGA AMO 39.2 +9.9 19.5 +5.8 0.0
MILDURA AIRPORT 39.9 +9.9 24.3 +9.6 0.0
EAST SALE AIRPORT 38.3 +15.1 12.3 +1.0 0.0
MELBOURNE REGIONAL OFFICE 40.3 +16.2 23.7 +10.9 0.0
LAVERTON RAAF 41.3 +17.7 23.2 +11.3 0.0
BALLARAT AERODROME 37.5 +15.0 16.4 +7.0 0.0
LAUNCESTON AIRPORT 29.7 +8.5 10.7 +1.9 0.0
HOBART (ELLERSLIE ROAD) 35.8 +15.6 18.8 +8.1 0.0

Downpours Gales & Gusts
High rainfall for periods of 6 hours or less. Highest wind gusts above 89km/h (storm force) or mean wind above 62km/h (gale force). Wind direction and mean windspeed shown in brackets.
WESTERN AUSTRALIA
    N Kimberley
WYNDHAM
48.0mm in 6 hr to 00:00 8.0mm/h
    E Kimberley
KUNUNURRA AERO
13.0mm in 1 hr to 00:00 13.0mm/h
16.0mm in 3 hr to 00:00 5.3mm/h
11.2mm in 27 min to 17:56 24.9mm/h
ARGYLE AERODROME
21.0mm in 3 hr to 00:00 7.0mm/h
29.0mm in 1 hr 12 min to 20:30 24.2mm/h
29.0mm in 3 hr to 21:00 9.7mm/h
NORTHERN TERRITORY
    N Rivers
MIDDLE POINT AWS
10.0mm in 10 min to 17:32 60.0mm/h
8.8mm in 53 min to 18:30 10.0mm/h
22.0mm in 3 hr to 18:30 7.3mm/h
CHANNEL POINT
45.0mm in 6 hr to 03:30 7.5mm/h
30.0mm in 6 hr to 09:30 5.0mm/h
POINT STUART AWS
11.4mm in 1 hr to 20:30 11.4mm/h
20.0mm in 3 hr to 21:00 6.7mm/h
MILINGIMBI
10.4mm in 1 hr to 23:30 10.4mm/h
NGAYAWILI
34.8mm in 1 hr to 02:30 34.8mm/h
62.0mm in 3 hr to 03:00 20.7mm/h
62.0mm in 6 hr to 03:00 10.3mm/h
28.8mm in 1 hr to 03:30 28.8mm/h
19.0mm in 3 hr to 06:00 6.3mm/h
DALY WATERS AWS
15.0mm in 3 hr to 21:00 5.0mm/h
BULMAN AWS
20.0mm in 3 hr to 18:30 6.7mm/h
53.0mm in 3 hr to 21:30 17.7mm/h
LAJAMANU
5.6mm in 31 min to 19:57 10.8mm/h
TINDAL RAAF
29.8mm in 30 min to 20:30 59.6mm/h
29.8mm in 1 hr to 20:30 29.8mm/h
29.8mm in 1 hr to 21:00 29.8mm/h
30.0mm in 3 hr to 21:30 10.0mm/h
27.0mm in 30 min to 23:30 54.0mm/h
27.0mm in 1 hr to 23:30 27.0mm/h
    N Plateau
TENNANT CREEK AIRPORT
9.6mm in 21 min to 17:56 27.4mm/h
11.0mm in 1 hr to 18:30 11.0mm/h
SOUTH AUSTRALIA
    NW Pastoral
COOBER PEDY AIRPORT
24.0mm in 3 hr to 06:00 8.0mm/h
QUEENSLAND
    N Peninsula
COCONUT ISLAND
26.0mm in 3 hr to 03:00 8.7mm/h
54.0mm in 3 hr to 09:00 18.0mm/h
HORN ISLAND
19.2mm in 1 hr to 03:00 19.2mm/h
19.0mm in 3 hr to 03:00 6.3mm/h
15.4mm in 1 hr to 06:00 15.4mm/h
22.0mm in 3 hr to 06:00 7.3mm/h
13.6mm in 1 hr to 09:00 13.6mm/h
22.0mm in 3 hr to 09:00 7.3mm/h
11.2mm in 1 hr to 10:00 11.2mm/h
19.0mm in 3 hr to 12:00 6.3mm/h
    Gulf Country
KOWANYAMA AIRPORT
9.8mm in 53 min to 16:53 11.1mm/h
29.2mm in 1 hr 7 min to 18:00 26.1mm/h
42.0mm in 3 hr to 18:00 14.0mm/h
BURKETOWN AIRPORT
10.4mm in 1 hr to 22:00 10.4mm/h
    N Coast--Barron
CAIRNS AERO
16.0mm in 3 hr to 03:00 5.3mm/h
LOW ISLES LIGHTHOUSE
8.0mm in 21 min to 05:00 22.9mm/h
13.2mm in 1 hr to 05:00 13.2mm/h
15.0mm in 3 hr to 06:00 5.0mm/h
4.8mm in 13 min to 14:13 22.2mm/h
COOKTOWN AIRPORT
29.2mm in 1 hr to 00:00 29.2mm/h
47.0mm in 3 hr to 00:00 15.7mm/h
    N Coast--Herbert
SOUTH JOHNSTONE EXP STN
13.2mm in 1 hr to 07:00 13.2mm/h
23.0mm in 3 hr to 09:00 7.7mm/h
VICTORIA
    Upper North
BENDIGO AIRPORT
10.2mm in 1 hr to 20:30 10.2mm/h
10.0mm in 1 hr to 21:00 10.0mm/h
ISLANDS
    Islands
POINT FAWCETT
25.4mm in 1 hr to 06:30 25.4mm/h
28.0mm in 3 hr to 06:30 9.3mm/h
16.0mm in 3 hr to 21:30 5.3mm/h

VICTORIA
    Upper North
BENDIGO AIRPORT : 91(210/ 30 ) at 20:11
TASMANIA
    Southeast
MAATSUYKER ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE : 85(310/ 67 ) at 12:17
MOUNT WELLINGTON : 98(330/ 82 ) at 08:00
CAPE BRUNY (CAPE BRUNY) : 83(270/ 65 ) at 16:00